The Sabines were also referred to as Sabini in Latin, are a group of people of Italic descent. They can be found on the Biblical Timeline with world history around 754 BC. This tribe settled in a place in Ancient Italy, which was the central Apennines,. They also remained in Anio’s northern part prior to the discovery and development of Rome.
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After Rome had been founded, the Sabines was formed into two groups. The division of the tribe was considered as a fact instead of a legend. Moreover, the population of this tribe soon entered Rome, and it merged with the groups of people who were already settled in that city. The other group opted to maintain their tribal state and lived in the mountains. Eventually, they waged war against Rome as they fought for their independence. However, the group lost, and it soon became a part of the Roman Republic.
Based on a study by Dionysius, many historians in Rome considered native Romans to have come from Greek descent. For instance, Dionysius mentioned the Sabines as a tribe that entered the city known as Lista, which was also regarded as the Aborigines’ homeland. Many ancient historians also debate on the actual origin of the Italic tribe because of several possibilities of where they have come from. Zenodotus mentioned that the Sabines were known as a group that was once called Umbrians. They only adopted a different name after they vacated the Reatine territory due to the invasion of the Pelasgians. Another scholar named Porcius Cato stated that it could be possible the Sabines were indeed a group of people given such name as it originated from Sabus. According to him, Sabus was Sancus’ son, and he was also referred to as Jupiter Fidius, who was a type of divinity. In Dionysius’ texts, some Lacedaemonians have left Sparta after experiencing the harshness of the Lycurgus‘ laws. They moved to Italy, and it was here that they formed Foronia or the Spartan colony. The said colony remained in the plains of Pomentine while some of the colonies opted to live with the Sabines.
There were accounts of the temperament and traits of the Sabines, which gave a better understanding of this group of people. For instance, the Sabines were noted as aggressive individuals who had a certain behavior that resembled warlike individuals. Furthermore, there were also frugal that they never allowed anything to end up in waste. These qualities were believed to have been an influence of the Spartans.
According to some legends, the Sabine women were once abducted by the Romans with the goal of populating the city of Rome, which was newly established at that time. This event ended up with the women being caught up in the fight between the armies and their families. Once the conflict was over, King Titus Tatius of the Sabine became the ruler of Rome, along with Romulus. After the death of Tatius, there were three centuries of the Equites that became a part of Rome and one of these was with Tatienses, who ruled after the king of Sabian descent ended his reign.
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