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Amenhotep IV and the Bible

Amenhotep the fourth is the 10th Pharaoh in the new kingdom and the 18th dynasty. He was called Amenhotep IV for his first five years reign as a Pharaoh. However, he became so devoted to the sun disc god Aten that he adapted the name Akhenaten, meaning “The one who is of service to Aten”. Amenhotep IV ruled Egypt for 17 years until his death. He is found on the Biblical Timeline Chart during the timeframe of Moses and the Exodus.

Unlike his father before him, Amenhotep IV did not rule as long as his father Amenhotep III who ruled for 40 years. His greatest known accomplishment was his establishment of a monotheistic cult that centred on worshipping the god of sun disc called Aten.

Due to his belief in Aten, Amenhotep IV had other temples of gods destroyed like the temple of Amon. All inscriptions referring to ‘gods’ was wiped out as well. However, when he died, all his efforts in having one religion came to nothing as his son, Tutankhamen reverted back to the multi-god beliefs of the Egyptian people. The mummy of Amenhotep IV was rumoured to have been destroyed by Amon priest so that he would not be able to go to an afterlife.

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The Pharaoh Amenhotep IV was considered to be a good man by many. Some consider his monotheist belief is the origin of the Judeo-Christian monotheism.

Amenhotep IV in the Bible – The Pharaohs of Exodus

There have been a lot of pharaohs in the bible. There was the king of Egypt Shishak (I Kings 11:40, KJV) whom Jeroboam fled to when Solomon sought to kill him and So (II Kings 17:4, KJV) where Hosea, discovered by the Assyrian King, conspired and sent So, the king of Egypt a message. Another was the pharaoh Nechoh (II Kings 23:29; II Chronicles 35:20, KJV) who killed King Josiah in Megiddo when the king went up against the King of Egypt.

But the most famous of all Pharaohs in the Bible is the Pharaohs of Exodus. However, their names are never mentioned.  That is why until now, their identity is still open to speculation. There was two pharaohs that were needed to be identified, the one who oppressed the Israelites and the one who was plagued and set the Israelites free, thus the Exodus.

For example here is one theory.  When Moses was born, Tutmoses I, son of Amenhotep I, was the Pharaoh at that time who ordered the death of all male children of Israel. Tutmoses I had no son so that Nefure, speculated to be the princess who found Moses, adopted Moses. Tutmoses I named Moses as his heir and gave him the name Tutmoses II. Moses was Tutmoses II for 22 years until he killed an Egyptian and fled to Midian. The name Tutmoses II was given to Nefure’s half-brother.  She later became Queen Hatshepsut. Tutmoses III son from a concubine was the father of Amenhotep III.

Amenhotep III, father of Amenhotep IV, was said to be the Pharaoh of Exodus. Tutankhamen was said to be the first born son who died in the plague (Exodus 12:29) making his brother, Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) the crown prince. Amenhotep was a witness to his father’s pride against the God of the Hebrew and saw how their gods were struck powerless. This is why, when he became a Pharaoh himself, Amenhotep IV worshipped only one god, Aten. 

This is just but one of the speculations on the identity of the Pharaoh of Exodus. Other pharaohs who could be the pharaoh of Exodus are Dudimeos, Ahmose I, Thutmose III, Horemheb, Ramesses I and Ramesses II. Ramesses II is the most well-known candidate due to the films “The Ten Commandments” and the “Prince of Egypt”.

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13 thoughts on “Amenhotep IV and the Bible

  1. Where is Amenhotep II in all of this? Because he is skipped…

  2. Just to clarify, Amenhotep iv (akhenaten) was Tutankhamum’s Father as was proven by DNA analysis in 2010.

  3. Amenhotep lll was the Pharoah of the exodus who refused to “let the people go” . His eldest son Thutmose crown prince was being groomed to succeed him as Pharoah. He was also called Djhutmose because he was training in the priesthood. The Pharaoh was looked upon as a god so was head of the priesthood. When Amenhotep lll wouldn’t let the people go, finally all the firstborn in Egypt right up to the Pharoah’s son lay dead and he let Moses and the Hebrews go but later chased after them. He drowned in the Red Sea with his army. The second born, Amenhotep lV became the Pharoah. He was unprepared and untrained for the role but was so overwhelmed by the power of the God of the Hebrews that he changed his name to Akhenaten and worshipped the one true God to the dismay of the polytheistic priestly order.

    1. That is a plausible account. But many artifacts depict him worshipping the sun. That was deemed outrageous devil worship by the Hebrew god (Yahweh)

      1. It was a sun disc with rays of hands. This may indicate worship to a heavenly God. Freud gives credence to this view, but recent scholars now believe that Akhenetan may actually have been Moses himself…See Graham Hancock/Osman

  4. The exodus was a military campaign to end border city uprisings at the far reaches of the empire of which Canaan was. Tutmosis was the commander of the force sent compromised mostly of a foreign fighting force of migrant Semitic workers (not slaves). The land was promised to Tutmosis (Moses) to rule as a gift for ending the uprisings so far from home. Standard orders given for that type of campaign in that era, kill everything man woman beast and child take no trophies.

  5. Try this! Akenaten was overthrown by the Ramases and he and approximately 650,000 followers were banished to Canaan. There they merged with the people already there among whom were some called Levites and eventually morphed into the nation of Israel. Therefore the exodus was wholly an Egyptain affair which led to the creation of Israel. There was no jewish exodus as the letter J was not invented in any language until the 15th century. All biblical references beginning with the letter j are invalid such as Jews, Job, Jerusalem, John ect. If such people existed they could not possibly have those names.

  6. Queen Tiye was Moses step mother her son Akhenaten was the pharaoh of the exodus, his son Tutankhamum’s  was the first born son that died. His wife was Nefertti. His half brother Thutmose (prince of egypt) Moses. Prince Thutmose disappears (erase) from the public records and appears to have died (fled into Cush) some time during the third decade of Amenhotep III’s kingship, fairly late In his place, his younger brother Amenhotep IV, better known as Akhenaten, succeeded to the throne.
    The mystery of what happened to a young heir to the Egyptian throne has baffled historians for generations. 
    Archaeologists have struggled to determine what happened to the heir to the Crown Prince Thutmose, who ruled Ancient Egypt around 3500 years ago. 

  7. The term Hebrew as well as the Hebrew language was invented in 1881 meaning there were no Hebrews or Jews in the actual physical exodus. The letter “J” never existed in any language until the 15th century just in time for the King James Version of the bible. I’m just here to make you think.

  8. The Exodus from Egypt was in 1313BCE. This is the accepted date of Orthodox Jews. Akhenaten reigned 1364-1347 – after the Exodus. He took the throne cause his older brother died mysteriously. Did his brother die with the first born of Egypt? Did Akhenaten turn to monotheism because he saw? That seems so much more plausible than the odd theories that abound.

  9. Akhenaten was 2,000 years before Abraham, 4000 years before Moses. Google it. That is my point there were no Jews during the reign of Akhenaten. The history you refer to is psuedo.

  10. All of this is surmising based on our faulty conditioning. The only way to know is to go within and ask your inner wisdom to guide you.
    For myself, I like various authors’ recent works which suggest that no-one desecrated Akhenaten’s monuments or statuary – it was the Santorini / Thera volcanic eruption and subsequent tsunamis which devastated Egypt at that time. The Exodus is considered a necessary evacuation after the fall-out of the eruption so there was no conspiracy and no attempt to prevent the Hebrews (not Jews as someone has pointed out) from moving forward.

  11. I appreciate the effort. However in the interest of the truth it must be said that the term Hebrew was invented in 1881 by a group of Khazars. The Hebrew language was invented also in 1881 by Elizer Ben Yehuda. It consist primarily of Yiddish, German, Arabic and other obscure Mediterranean languages. During the reign of Akhnaten there were no white Jews on the planet. That is what this discussion is really about.

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