Secular archaeologists say there is no evidence of a group of people destroying and/or taking over multiple cities during the time of the exodus. Thus, they say, there is no evidence for that part of Biblical history.
Secular historians say that during the time of the exodus, if there was one, the Canaanites were a group of small dying villages.
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This is what God tells Moses as the Israelites move to inherit the land promised to Abraham. (see Exodus 23:29-30 King James Authorized)
“I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.”
It sounds as if God is saying that as the Israelites grow in number and spread out, the existing inhabitants will be dying out. This is exactly what happened. Although the Exodus mentions some battles (Jericho for example), the majority of the battles are defensive battles for lands already settled.