The Teotihuacan in Mexico is renowned for its MesoAmerican pyramids, which were constructed during the pre-Columbian period. This can be found on the Bible Timeline with World History around 650 AD. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, specifically in the sub-valley. In the present era, it is found in the northeastern portion of Mexico City. There are also other structures found in this historical city including residential compounds that were once inhabited by families with some murals and the “Avenue of the Dead.” Teotihuacan is also regarded for its pottery style referred to as the “Thin Orange” as well as the people’s obsidian tools that earned them popularity in MesoAmerica.
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Facts about the City
Based on historians, it was in about 100 BC when Teotihuacan was formed. However, it took several years before the city was completed since it was only by 250 AD that significant monuments were constructed entirely. Although there were threats in the city during the 550 AD, the site was said to have lasted until 7 or 8 AD. Prior to those years, monuments in the city were sacked while others were burned to the ground.
During the second quarter of the first millennium AD, the city flourished tremendously. In fact, it was considered as the premier city during that era in the pre-Columbian Americas. By this time, there were about 125,000 people living in Teotihuacan. Hence, it became one of the largest cities in the world during this period.
The city started as a center of religion during the first century AD in the Mexican Highland. For years, it became known as the most populated and the largest city in that era. To provide more homes for the people, multi-level residential compounds were constructed, which are similar to modern-day apartments.
Background and Origin
There are still debates in terms of the earliest history and origin of the city’s founders. However, some archeologists consider the Toltec as the ones who built the city because of the Florentine Codex that included texts during the colonial period. The civilization of the Toltec only began flourishing several years after the Teotihuacan’s zenith. Which means that it can be disproved that the Toltec established Teotihuacan.
Several urban centers were established in the central parts of Mexico during the Late Formative period. The Cuicuilco was among these prominent areas that were located on Lake Texcoco’s southern shore. However, when the Xitle volcano erupted the people living in the central valley had to flee and settle in the Teotihuacan. These new inhabitants of the city were believed to have established Teotihuacan and allowed it to flourish.
Teotihuacan collapsed when invaders sacked the city and destroyed a huge part of it. This period in the history of Teotihuacan was during the 7th or the 8th century. Scientists claim that the entire city was completely burned, and its important structures were destroyed by observation of the multiple fragments and pieces scattered throughout the city. However, the decline in the city’s population started as early as the 6th century due to severe droughts caused by climate changes, which were around 535 to 536 AD.
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