Considered as a civilization in the south-central portion of Andes, the Wari (Huari) in Peru lasted from 500 to 1000 AD and can be located on the Bible Timeline Chart with World History around 700 AD. Wari was the capital city situated on the northeastern part of Ayacucho, in Peru. It was the center of the civilization in modern-day Peru’s coast and highlands. Evidence of this civilization included the Wari Ruins, as well as the remnants of the Northern Wari, which was found in Cerro Baul and Chiclayo. The ruins of Pikillaqta are also other concrete proofs of the civilization’s existence, and these were found on the road going to Lake Titicaca.
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During the earlier parts of the Wari culture and civilization, the people decided to expand their territory. In fact, Pachacamac, which was popular as the ancient oracle center, was included in the territory, although it maintained it’s status as autonomous. As for the reasons for the widening of the territory some of the possible factors that contributed to this include military conquest, religion and terrace agriculture, among other techniques.
According to scholars, the absence of written records in this civilization has led to insufficient details about the government of the Wari. It’s studies prove that the Wari followed a rather intricate social-political hierarchy considering the homogeneous administrative structure followed by the people. The El Castillo de Huarmey (a royal tomb) was discovered on the site of this civilization. Archeological findings were made in 2013 that revealed the Wari’s influences in terms of politics and the society. Burial items were found in the tomb, and these depicted material wealth that revealed how the Wari dominated much of the northern coastal Peru for many years.
The Wari decided to form administrative centers in several provinces, although these were nothing like the Tiwanaku’s architecture. Neighboring areas were influenced by the Wari as administrative centers were used extensively. The people also improved their road network and incorporated the terraced field technology as they created more fields to boost their agriculture. When the civilization reached its end, the Inca implemented these innovations by the Wari to broaden their empire.
The Wari civilization started its decline in 800 AD due to long periods of drought. Based on scientists, the city’s population slowly decreased, and it was significantly depopulated during 1000 AD. There were small groups of people that continued to remain in the city as the civilization came to an end. As for the city’s major buildings and important administrative centers, the doors were blocked intentionally which provided scientists a notion as though these people would return soon once it starts to rain again.
Unfortunately, the Wari culture had already ended even before the time came for the people to head back to the city after the drought. Also, the remaining residents of the city stopped all significant constructions. This gave rise to the possible reasons that aside from drought, other factors contributed to the collapse of the civilization such as invasions, violence among rival groups and warfare that continued throughout the city.
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