The Saxons were a Germanic tribe that was situated on the North German Plain. A large percentage of these people settled in major areas of Great Britain during the early middle ages. Eventually, they formed a part of the Anglo-Saxons group that made up the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, some Saxons opted to remain in Germany, which gave them a chance to fight against the expanding Frankish Empire.
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Origins of the Saxons
Initially, the Saxons settled in Northern Albingia, which was an area near modern-day Holstein. This same place was also believed to serve as the homeland of the Angles. Moreover, the Angles and Saxons, as well as a few continental Germanic tribes, were a part of the Anglo-Saxon settlement in Britain. By the 5th century where it is located on the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History. Several inhabitants of these isles referred to Anglo-Saxons collectively. Still, it remained unknown how numerous people left the continent to live in Britain, although there were estimates as for the actual number of settlers who were Anglo-Saxons, which reached 200,000. In the middle ages, the Saxons were observed to have solid influences to the cultures and languages of people from various parts of Europe. Such as the Baltic, Pomeranian West Slavic, Polabian Slavs, North Germanic and the Finnic.
During the prehistoric era, Saxony served as the primary site of numerous ancient monumental temples in Central Europe. These structures dated as far back as the 5th century BC. There were also significant archaeological sites that were found in villages near Leipzig, as well as in Dresden. Based on researchers, the presence of Germanic and Slavic people in modern-day Saxony began as far back as the first century BC. In Ptolemy’s text entitled Geographia, the Saxons were mentioned.
There were also accounts of this writer that called the tribe as Saxons, which remained in the lower part of the River Elbe. However, one of the first accounts of the Saxon name was from Julian, when he mentioned a tribe of Saxons, the Kouadoi. This tribe was referred to as the Chauci, which arrived at the Rhine and caused another group of people called the Salian Franks to relocate into Toxandria, a Belgian territory. By the 5th century AD, the Saxons started to move rapidly throughout areas that are modern-day Germany, Britain and France.
Most Saxon migrants settled in England, where they established power bases and settlements that used to be under the Roman rule. Saxons and some Germans were responsible for the displacement of numerous Celtic and British people, particularly the ones that moved back to Brittany, in France, as well as those who remained in Wales.
However, some Saxons explored other parts of Europe aside from Britain and moved to Germany, specifically in a region considered today as Saxony. Their expansion soon caused some conflicts with the Frankish tribe, which eventually turned into massively destructive battles. Also, the Saxons were firm about retaining their pagan beliefs, although Charlemagne was resolute about converting them to Christianity by all means possible.
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