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Nicaea, Council of  

The Council of Nicaea was held in Bithynia, where Christian bishops met to reach a consensus about their stand on the Trinity. It was convened by Constantine I, a Roman Emperor, in the year 325 AD and is listed on the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History during that period. The council was led by Bishop Hosius of Corduba and believed to be a Papal delegate. The Council was able to form an agreement as to the Christological issue involved in the relationship of the son to God-the-father, as well as the creation of the first part of the Nicene Creed. Also, the council also aimed to settle a definite time of observing Easter, as well as the spread of the early canon laws.

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About the Council of Nicaea

Prior to the Council, there were disagreements in terms of the nature of the God-the-son, as well as its relationship to God-the-father. This issue existed within the religious in the Church of Alexandria. Furthermore, there were arguments as to the nature of the son whether he was indeed begotten by God-the-father, or he was merely created and existed out of nothing. Athanasius and Alexander of Alexandria held the first position while Arius had the second position. After much deliberation, the Arians lost to about 250 to 318 attendees in the council decided against the presbyters. The Council also resulted in an agreement based on the definite time to celebrate Easter. This occasion was considered as the most significant feasts in the church calendar. Primarily, the Council discussed various areas of Christology, and it was the first of several other councils that were held.

Council_of_Nicaea
‘Bronze statue of Constantine I in York, England, near the spot where he was proclaimed Augustus in 306.’

Purpose of the Council of Nicaea

Emperor Constantine asked all the Christian Church bishops to convene and come to Nicaea, and the main purpose was to resolve any disagreements that caused divisions and issues in the Church. Primarily, the Council was based on the recommendations of the group under the leadership of Hosius of Cordoba. There were controversies by the Arians, and most bishops agreed that Arius’ teachings were conflicting to the Christian faith, as well as heretical.

Hence, in 325 AD, bishops from various provinces came to Nicaea. This place was set as the location of the first Council because of its accessibility to all delegates coming from various parts of the world. Including Armenia, Egypt, Georgia, Thrace, Greece, Syria, Asia Minor, and Palestine.

The Council of Nicaea was the very first important council in the church’s history ever since the Council of Jerusalem was held. The Apostolic Council was created to provide certain conditions that the Gentiles should follow to be able to become a part of the Church. The Council aimed to make an organized step to define the doctrines and prevent heretical teachings and theologies.

About 1800 bishops coming from the east and west attended the Council, although only a smaller number of these religious leaders attended. These delegates were from all the regions of the Roman Empire, with the exception of Britain. Bishops from the east made up most of the attendees, and these included Alexander of Alexandria, Macarius of Jerusalem and Eustathius of Antioch.

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