Amos is a Hebrew name and it means “to carry” or “carried”. This name was given to Amos who carried the messages from God to the people of Israel. He appears on the Biblical Timeline Chart around 750 B.C. He was shepherd from the town of Tekoah in Judah. God called Amos to prophesy during the reigns of King Uzziah of Judah and Jeroboam II of Israel. There was an earthquake in the land of Judah and two years before this quake had happened God sent Amos to warn the people about their sins and his judgment.
Amos 1 God Punishes Israel’s Neighbors
Amos begins his messages to Israel by explaining to them that God is shouting loudly from his Temple on Mount Zion. He tells them that God says that he is going to punish Israel’s neighbors for their sins against his people and against him. Damascus, Gaza, Tyre and Edom have all done something cruel and wrong to the Israelites and God had punished them in different ways according to the sins they had committed.
Amos 2 God Judges Judah and Israel
Amos says that God will punish his people because they refuse to obey his commandments and follow his instructions. He says that God will destroy the fortresses in Judah and he explains why God is so angry with Israel. Amos also points out that the Israelites run over helpless people, pervert justice, steal and sell honest people into slavery.
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Can Two People Walk Together?
In chapter 3 verse 1 in the book of Amos there is a famous verse which asks the question “Can two people walk together, except they be agreed?” God uses Amos to present this question to Israel so that they can take a good look at their relationship with him. The Lord wants Amos to tell the people that he is not going to be with them unless they follow his direction.
Amos 3 Witnesses against Israel
Amos tells the people of Israel that God usually sends a warning for people before he exercises judgment against them. He lets the people know that God has sent prophets to turn the people back to God. He then goes on to say that God will punish Israel by destroying the homes of the wealthy, allowing the Israelites to be taken captive by foreigners and destroying the pagan altars at Bethel.
Amos 4 to 6 More Judgments from God
The prophet Amos explains some more judgments to the people from God and in chapter 5: 1 -17 he calls for the people to repent before going back and pronouncing more punishments from the Lord.
Amos 7 Visions
In chapter 7 of the book of Amos God gives him a series of visions and the first vision was about locusts destroying Israel’s land. God decided not to destroy Israel with this judgment and decided to use fire to burn up the land. Once again the Lord held back this judgment. He then explains to Amos about the vision of the plumb line to test his people faithfulness and declares that he will destroy the pagan temples and altars in Israel.
King Amaziah of Judah told Jeroboam of Israel that Amos was planning to remove him from the throne and send the people into exile. King Amaziah told Amos to leave. Before Amos left he told King Amaziah that his wife would be a prostitute and that his children would die in the city. He also said that the king would die in a foreign land and that his land would be divided up. Amos pronounced these judgments on the king because he refused to listen to God’s word.
Amos 8 and 9
Amos pronounces some more harsh judgments and he relays the vision of ripe fruit that God had given him. The vision of ripe fruit was used to illustrate how the people of Israel were ready for judgment from God. Amos tells them that many people were going to be carried out of the city and that many others would die. The people didn’t want to listen to Amos and turn from their sins. In the last chapter of Amos, God says that one day he was going to restore his people and not wipe them out. This illustrates the point that Israel will always be God’s chosen people.
- Amos 1: 1, 2 Explains how Amos became a prophet.
- Amos 1 God punishes Israel’s neighbors.
- Amos 2 God judges Judah and Israel.
- Amos 3: 1 Popular scripture about people believing in the same thing.
- Amos 3 God explains that he sends warning before judgment.
- Amos 4 – 6 Judgments from God with a brief call of repentance in chapter five.
- Amos 7 God gives Amos visions about the terrible ways he planned on destroying Israel
- Amos 8 – 9 More judgments from God with the hope for restoration.
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