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Tiberius 14 AD

Tiberius Claudius Nero was a former Roman Emperor, who ruled from 14 A.D. to 37 A.D. That is where he is listed on the Biblical Timeline Chart.  Emperor Tiberius was born in 42 B.C. to his father with the same name. His mother’s name was Livia Drusilla. His childhood was simple and carefree. He spent most of his days as a child receiving an education from his father who taught him well. Tiberius had divorced his wife Livia who ended up marrying Emperor Augustus. The Emperor allowed Tiberius to educate his son and his other children he had conceived with Livia. He allowed them to do this at his palace until the day he died in 32 B.C.

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The Early Days of Tiberius

About that time a civil war was looming between Marc Antony and Augustus. A battle eventually had erupted, and Augustus won. Tiberius and his brother Drusus rode alongside Emperor Augustus during the victory celebration three years later in 29 B.C. At the age of 17 Tiberius became a quaestor under the direction of Augustus even though he was too young for the position. Augustus made exceptions for him so that he could perform this duty.

Tiberius fought in Parthia and other provinces within the eastern part of the empire. He then became a praetor and sent his armies west to help his brother Drusus. He also ordered Roman troops into Germania, Hispania, and Gaul. In 13 B.C., he was given the position of proconsul. Tiberius led a series of successful military campaigns with a few exceptions. Around 6 B.C., he was about to become the second most powerful man in Rome. He retired before taking this position.

Emperor Augustus had decided to make Drusus his successor, but he had ended up dying in battle, and so he had to give Tiberius the position. In 13 A.D., Tiberius was made co-ruler with Augustus. Emperor Augustus had finally passed away in 14 A.D., and Tiberius became the emperor.

Tiberius_14_AD
Tiberius

The Emperor, who didn’t want to, Rule

Tiberius had some problems with ruling Rome effectively. He acted as if he didn’t want the position of Emperor, and many people thought he was very strange for not accepting his honor. He acted in a vague manner throughout most of his rule. He wanted the Senate and the state to make decisions without his interference. Since he couldn’t effectively communicate with the many different people that he ruled he had a hard time governing them. By 22 A.D. Tiberius had shared his power with his son Drusus (not the same Drusus that had passed away under Augustus), and he started to make lengthy trips from Rome while his son ran the government. In 26 A.D., he finally retired to a Roman Island named Capri leaving Drusus in charge. Though he retired, he was still considered the emperor.

The Last Days of Tiberius

Drusus had died and a praetorian prefect named Lucius Aelius Sejanus replaced him according to Tiberius command. In time, he began to persecute wealthy Roman citizens and senators and eventually tried to legitimize his claim as emperor. Tiberius condemned Sejanus and ordered his execution. After he dealt with Sejanus and all of the problems that he had created he retired for the last time leaving the empire to be run by the Senate. His last few years as emperor were filled with distrust of all people including his family. He is supposed to have executed many people because of this lack of trust. In 77 A.D., Tiberius had died due to old age or illness. His great-grandson Caligula was appointed Caesar in his place.

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