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The Kings of Edom

The kings of Edom

during the early times, were determined by appointment instead of hereditary. A few verses in the first Chronicles state that a king and several chieftains ruled the land of Edom. In the book of Genesis, Edom was first occupied and ruled by Esau, the elder son of Isaac. After his rule, many other kings followed his reign even before Israel had any kings.  The kings of Edom first are show on the Biblical Timeline starting in 1400 BC

The King of Edom refused the Israelites to pass Edom and to enter the land of Canaan. This event was mentioned in Numbers, and the Israelites made a detour around Edom because of the king’s show of power and force. God commanded the children of Israel to reach Canaan without waging war against the Edomites. This act of the Israelites did not cause the king of Edom to attack the people; however, he was prepared for any signs of aggression.

The Kingdom of Edom

Bozrah was the capital of Edom, and the early inhabitants of the land were the Horites. This group of people were forced to leave by the Edomites tribe. In the second Chronicles, the Edomites were often at war with the king of Judah and Israel. It is also interesting to note that the Israelites and Edomites were related in terms of language and ancestry.
The Edomites acquired their livelihood from caravan trades in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Levant, and southern Arabia. The kingdom of Edom was among the many states where trade was the main source of income because of the country’s lack of fertile land. The Edomites participated in trades in far locations such as India, and they departed from the Ezion-Geber port.
The economy of Edom flourished because of trades, although there was a strip of land suitable for farming. The Edomites exported various products from the Dead Sea region. These products include balsam and salt, which were used for temple incense and perfume.

What Part of the Bible Mentions the Kings of Edom

  • 1 Chronicles 1:43-54. The kings of Edom were enumerated, and these rulers led the kingdom one after the other, even before there were kings in the land of Israel. –
  • Amos 2:1. The Lord has shown his mighty power to defeat the kings of Edom. –
  • ¬†Genesis 36:43-50. Esau was mentioned as the father of the Edomites. –
  • 2 Kings 3:7-9. The king of Israel joined the king of Judah, and they completed a seven days’ journey with no water for their army. –
  • Numbers 20:14-16. Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to meet the king of Edom. –
  • Judges 11:16-18. The Israelites sent messengers to the ruler of Edom, and pleaded for entrance to the land. –
  • 2 Samuel 8:14. King David conquered the kingdom of Edom. –
  • Jeremiah 27:3-6. The Edomites were defeated and conquered by the Babylonians, under the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar. –
  • 2 Chronicles 25:11-12. Amaziah conquered Edom. –
  • Genesis 25:25. The Edomites tribe were the descendants of Esau, and the people lived in the mountain fortresses of the land.



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