The Han Dynasty ruled China between the years 220 B.C. to A.D 220. The Han rulers had transformed Chinese culture and these changes still impact China and the rest of the world in modern times. Throughout the four hundred year time period that the Han ruled China, they had to constantly fight many wars. Around 50 B.C., the Han Emperor Xuan ruled China and during his reign he had to deal with the warring tribes which resided north of the Chinese Empire and the Xiongnu. It was a time of incessant war in China and is referred to as such on the Bible Timeline with World History during this time period.
Securing the Silk Road
The Silk Road was a series of overland and seaside trade routes that stretched from China to the Roman Empire. The Silk Road was an important part of the Chinese economy and various tribes such as the Hsiung Nu had made it a point to take control of this important route. Even though former Han rulers had managed to keep this tribe from overrunning the Silk Road, Emperor Xuan had to constantly make sure that the Silk Road was secure from outside forces.
Han Wars with Vietnam and Korea around 50 A.D.
The Han rulers had conquered the former Qin Dynasty, but some rebellious elements still remained in China. The rebellious Qin never regained power and many were eliminated or assimilated into China’s culture under the leadership of the Han. The Han also attacked Vietnam and Korea. During the reign of the Han, Dynasty armies were sent to annex Vietnam and make it a vassal state to the Chinese. The Vietnamese fought back against the Han, but they were not successful expect for a short time period when the Han leaders were driven out by a determined warrior. The Vietnamese remained under the control of China up until 938 A.D. The Koreans suffered the same fate as the Vietnamese and they too were kept under the authority of the Chinese for hundreds of years starting with the Han. Rebels and freedom fighters constantly fought for freedom from their Chinese rulers. Emperor Xuan had to contend with both of these regions.
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Xiongnu Civil Wars during the Rule of the Han
There was a group of people who lived north of China known as the Xiongnu and they constantly harassed the Han rulers in China. They were a tribal group that also caused the Chinese problems along the Silk Road. Emperor Xuan had to contend with them during his reign. Eventually the Xiongnu fought a series of civil wars during the rule of Emperor Xuan. Many of his generals wanted to eliminate Xiongnu, but the Emperor had prevented them from acting. He encouraged peace and most of the Xiongnu had weakened their kingdom. The Xiongnu ended up paying tribute to Emperor Xuan.
Emperor Xuan Keeps China in Power
Even though the rulers of the Han Dynasty had ended up bringing many great changes to China, there were still many enemies who wanted to make sure that China would not remain in power forever. The Chinese constantly had to keep the outer fringes of their empire under control because so many invaders were trying to overrun their territory. The northern border was especially vulnerable to this type of activity and Han rulers had to constantly monitor the borders to ensure that their enemies would not disrupt their way of life. Emperor Xuan had to continue this effort during his time in power over the Haun Dynasty and he was successful of maintaining and exerting China’s power during his time in power.