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Romania and Transylvania Subjected to Rome in 101 AD

Romania has become one of the provinces of the Roman Empire, including Transylvania, Oltenia and the Banat. It was in 101 AD where it is listed on the Bible Timeline Chart with World History when the Romans took control of these territories, and they now form the regions of Romania. At the onset, the main purpose of the Romans was to establish Dacia as its imperial province. With much success, the land was transformed as what was intended for throughout the Romans’ invasion.

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battle scene between the Roman and Dacian armies, Trajan’s Column, Rome

The Romans’ Campaigns to Invade Dacia

Emperor Trajan began the campaign to conquer the Dacian kingdom, which was then ruled by Decebalus. Unfortunately, the Roman Empire failed to gain total control of the old Dacia, and this kingdom was led by the Free Dacians. It remained as such even after some parts of Dacia was subjected to Rome.

As early as the First Century BC, King Burebista has established Dacia as a strong and powerful state. His main goal for completing this was to protect the kingdom from the Romans’ invasion. When King Decebal of Dacia took over the state in 87 to 106 AD, he failed to stop the Romans from conquering the kingdom in 101 AD.

Roman Empire in Dacia

The Romans’ primary intention for invading Dacia was to obtain a greater means of revenue from the kingdom’s rich and thriving gold mine. The land was also abundant in other minerals such as iron, which is used in creating the finest swords. With Rome’s fear of being attacked by Dacia because of the kingdom’s great resources to make powerful weapons, Emperor Trajan began perceiving the state as a threat to Rome’s safety and progress.

Thus, Trajan decided to plan for an attack to invade Dacia. Indeed, he made was able to succeed in his campaigns as his strong army burnt every village and nearly everything in sight as they conquered the kingdom. In 102 AD, King Decebalus was defeated by the mighty Emperor Trajan, which signaled Dacia’s surrender and the conflict between the two nations.

Improvements in Dacia 

The Romans proved to Dacia its superior skills by building the world’s largest bridge. It was this same bridge that projected Rome’s abilities, engineering skills and power not only to Dacia, but also to the world. In addition to this fine architecture that Trajan ordered to be built in Dacia, the Emperor helped the kingdom obtain security from potential invaders such as the nomads and barbarians. Dacia received funds from Trajan, and the money was used to re-establish its military forces.

However, Decebalus yearned for vengeance, and he silently plotted ways to have his chance to defeat Trajan. In 105 AD, another invasion was made by Trajan, although this did not prove to be victorious for him, unlike the first battle. Decebalus got what he wanted, and the Romans suffered from terrible casualties that forced them to succumb to a truce.

Still, the battle did not come to an end, and Decebalus continued his campaigns to regain his power and control of the land. In 106 AD, Trajan won the battle and completely surrounded the Capitol until he gained a victory. Instead of being captured and accepting defeat, Decebalus decided to commit suicide.

Eventually, Dacia thrived with the support of the Roman Empire. The battle between Dacia and Rome finally ended, and it resulted in peace and victory for these two nations.

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1 thought on “Romania and Transylvania Subjected to Rome in 101 AD

  1. I’m quite pleased with the inofmration in this one. TY!

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