Marcus Aurelius Probus served as the emperor of Rome from 276 to 282 AD where he is located on the Bible Timeline Poster with World History. He handled strengthening the Danube and Rhine frontiers, and he won wars against various tribes including the Franks, Vandals, Goths, Longiones and Burgundians. Thus, he was known as one of Rome’s greatest rulers because of his commitment, dedication, excellent leadership and vision in making the Empire a powerful one.
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In 250 AD, Probus joined the army, where Emperor Valerian appointed him as a military tribune. Eventually, he was assigned to govern the East, which was the order by Tacitus. However, when Tacitus died, Probus became the new emperor. During his reign as emperor, Probus travelled to various parts of the empire, particularly the west, where he defeated the Goths. Probus was victorious during his campaigns against the Longiones and Alamanni, which were tribes that entered the Roman territory through the Neckar Valley. As for Probus’ generals, they were able to defeat the Franks, and this allowed the Romans to eliminate Burgundians and Franks in Gaul. This gave Probus the right to obtain new titles during his time as emperor, which were Germanicus Maximus and Gothicus Maximus.
As a ruler, one of his goals was to keep his soldiers preoccupied in performing useful and worthwhile tasks. For instance, he assigned them to plant vineyards in Pannonia and Gaul, among a few other districts. By doing so, the empire was able to enhance the economy in these areas that were devastated by wars. Also, Probus allowed the Germanic tribes to remain in the empire’s devastated areas.
Another important contribution of Probus was his battle against the Vandals. He fought against this tribe in the years 279 to 280. During these years, his generals were also quite successful in defeating a group of people called Blemmyes in Egypt. Then, he initiated a project that was intended to reconstruct the canals and bridges found along the Nile. This project provided the empire with a greater area where grain can be produced.
During the years 280 to 280, there were three usurpers that threatened the empire, who were Proculus, Bonosus, and Julius Saturninus. Probus was successful in defeating these people, although there were insufficient details regarding the extent of the revolts that they led. Just before Probus could begin his campaigns in the eastern part of the empire, his plans were delayed due to rebellions events at the West.
While Probus was away, his Praetorian Prefect named Carus gained support from the soldiers to obtain power. When Probus learned about this, he sent his troops to suppress the rebels, but they decided to side with Carus. Meanwhile, the remaining troops who were with Probus switched sides and killed him in a place near Sirmium in the year 282. When Probus died, Carus became the emperor. There is more than one story of his death written in History, but this one seems to be the most accepted.
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