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Jews Return from Captivity in Babylon and Begin to Rebuild the Temple

The nobles and elite of Judean society remained in Babylonian captivity years after they were driven out from Judah by Nebuchadnezzar. After seventy years, another powerful kingdom rose east of Mesopotamia led by King Cyrus of Persia of the Achaemenid dynasty. Who allowed the Jews their freedom which is recorded on the Biblical Timeline Chart around mid 500 BC. After securing his kingdom in 554 BC, Cyrus looked outward and conquered neighboring states which included the Neo-Babylonian empire.

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“Zerubbabel displays a plan of Jerusalem to Cyrus the Great.”

By 539 BC, Cyrus had defeated Babylon’s last king Nabonidus. Cyrus was known as a clever strategist and a savvy political king, and he presented himself as a liberator of the people conquered by Babylon. He was tolerant of other religions, and one of his greatest acts as king was to free the Jews who lived in captivity in Babylon since the time of Nebuchadnezzar. His goodness to the Jews was so appreciated that he was considered as the only foreign messiah (Isaiah 45:1-13) chosen by the Lord.

The Jews, led by Zerubbabel and others, traveled from Babylon in 538 BC, and the full list of people who returned with him is listed in the 2nd chapter of Ezra. Upon their arrival, some of the people settled in Jerusalem while others returned to their own towns. They began to rebuild the temple during the second year after they arrived in Jerusalem (Ezra 3:8).

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8 thoughts on “Jews Return from Captivity in Babylon and Begin to Rebuild the Temple

  1. The Bible ‘book’ is a compendium of fire side tales and fables,

    recounted orally for generations by goat herders and primitive tribes from the stone age, until writing was invented,

    and then again, many different sources, transliterations, and versions were copied and written down.

    ”The Bible was created during a time where stories were orally passed down over thousands of years.
    Stories constantly morphed and changed over time, and the Bible is a collection of these.
    This is why it has the nearly identical flood story from Gilgamesh, and why Jesus has the same characteristics as Dionysus, Osiris, Horus, Mithra, and Krishna.
    The contradictions and immorality in the stories are not evidence that God is flawed or evil,
    but rather that humans invented him, just like the thousands of other gods that we used to but no longer believe in.”

    …and to answer the questions of the many fears and mysteries of our universe, like ‘thunder’ and earthquakes, since there was no science yet.

    This is the old Testament.

    The ‘new’ Testes is also hearsay since these letters, ‘gospels’ and stories were written by the loyal faithful, the camp followers,
    not by objective historians at that particular time,
    or by any contemporary writers,
    and these tales were written many years after the supposed events of this mythical Jesus.

    Thus, there is no verifiable evidence of a Jesus in real documented history.

    Then, many of these stories, but not all, as many were not chosen,
    [ There are more than just four Gospels but only these four were agreed on ],
    were compiled for one self-absorbed converted Roman Emperor in his Nicean Council,
    for his expressed purpose of conquest and
    control of the people of Europe for his Holy Roman Empire.
    He recognised that this was the perfect religion/mythology for the future domination of the populaces.

    Half of the stories were ignored by the Nicean Bishops and none have been proven to be based on fact.

    This ‘Bable’ book is backed up by absolutely no facts and no evidence.
    It is not proof for any god(s) ….(or of any jesus as a god…)

    It is a historical novel……


    The Bible is proof of a book ONLY (certainly not evidence of any gods…)

    1. God is REAL not some fictional character! That you would love for people to agree with you. Be very careful when denying our HeavenlyFather…

    2. Unfortunately, you have not done your homework in regards to history, the writings of historians, nor to archaeology. Much evidence for our faith as it is not a blind faith as you presume. God never asks us to check our brain at the door. Each passing day more and more is revealed from the scientific community that supports Scripture. It would be my guess you have never studied the Scriptures for yourself, consider yourself educated and above such things, and presume all who do are backward and ignorant. I would recommend to you a short version of seeing only some of the evidence for yourself. It is contained in a movie entitled “The Case for Christ,” about an investigative reporter’s journey to prove believers wrong. Watch it and then see if you have questions you cannot answer with your human logic and reasoning. It has been my experience that most people who refuse to acknowledge God, do so to escape having to deal with their own sin and fear of standing before a holy God in judgment. If only they knew, Jesus took care of paying for their sin for them, if they will only come to Him to receive it.

    3. Since in your professional opinion the Bible is a fictional book how do we know that the Jewish people are even real people they could be just a figment of our imagination, and seeing that that is true then the Catholic church is all dressed up for a Halloween show and seeing that history books and archeologist have found facts relating to the bible obviously our history books are written by liars and archeologist have found objects that really do not exist; and so what does make close minded people like your self fighting against a book and a God that you believe doesn’t even exist. hum , interesting isn’t it.

    4. Brien, you make me smile. You are in a great position to learn, expand your knowledge.

      If you have not yet come to understand this planet, and the events that have transpired on it, are about the Jews, Jerusalem, the Nation of Israel, you need to start paying close attention. Understand who the Jews are, what their purpose is, mostly unknown to them at this point, but what is coming shortly will leave no doubt. It is not a people, nor a nation to be misunderstood, nor the blindness that has overtaken them. Roughly only 16 million world wide, at the most 8 million living in Israel. You should be able to figure this out! This is the only game in town. Abraham had two sons. Start there

    5. You could not be more wrong. The Jewish historian, Josephus, wrote about Jesus, the Dead Sea Scrolls found back in 1947, did also. And if you read the end of time scriptures in the NT, Jesus prophesied about, you can see them happening today. Scientifically, the second chapter of Genesis states evolution in the order that it describes God creating the world. The Bible is not a “novel,” it is not new writing. The third part, or person, of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit, is alive in the world today, just as Jesus said it would be.

  2. I have one question for you…Did you come from a fish, or an Ape?
    Keep believing what you believe, just another Evolutionist!!!

  3. Ezra 2:69 mentions the daric coin introduced by Darius I, which puts the Cyrus of Ezra 1:1 in the era of Cyrus the Great’s grandson and probable namesake Xerxes.

    Xerxes changed his title to ‘king of the Persians and Medes’. This title is used with the Cyrus of Ezra 1 and also the Cyrus in the book of Daniel (while the Darius of the book of Daniel still has the old title ‘king of the Babylonians/Chaldeans’ simular to Darius I).

    Daniel 6:28 doesn’t include Nebuchadnezzar, which suggests the Daniel of Daniel 6 is another Daniel then the Daniel of Daniel 1-5.

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