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Moabites

Moabites were descendants of Moab, the son of Lot. They lived peacefully close to their ancestral home in the proximity of Zoar after they displaced the Emmi. The Moabites relations with Israelites can be confirmed by the linguistic proof of the Moabite or Mesha Stone. They are known to have close connections with the Canaanites, Alalekites, Edomites, Philistines and Sethites. Relations between Moabites and Israelites wavered after the invasion of Canaan. The Assassination of the Moabite King Eglon by a Benjamite prompted the Israelites to attack Moabites near the Jordan River, where thousands of them were killed.  You will find them on the Biblical Timeline Chart from 1500 BC forward.

The Moabites were known for their rich possessions and peaceful nature. In addition to this, they are known for their refusal to allow Israelites to pass through their territory when they were coming up from Egypt. They, however, did not raise a finger against Israelites for the more than 300 years they lived as neighbors. The Bible records that their friendliness prompted them to send their daughters to develop marital relations with Israelites against the law of God, whereby they enticed them into idolatry. Moabites also had friendly relations with Egyptians and were in full support of Egyptian protection of the border citadel that gave Egypt absolute control over Sinai.

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map of Moab’s location

The land of Moabites

Their territory of Moab was divided into three parts, one of them being the field of Moab. This portion was enclosed by natural fortification and was bounded by the gorge of Amon River by the North, the Dead Sea cliffs on the south and a semicircle of hills on the east and south. The next one was the Land Of Moab, which was a more open country that extended from the Amon north to the hills of Gilead. The third portion was the plains of Moab, a ‘sunken’ district in the tropical depths of the Jordan River.
Moabites were later driven south to river Amon by Amorites who had crossed over from the other side of Jordan River. The Bible records that the Amorites were being ruled by King Sihon at the time of attacking the Moabites.

What part of the Bible mentions the Moabites?

  • Numbers 21:13. A separation between Moabites and Amorites occurs by the river Amon.
  • Deuteronomy 2:9-11. The Moabites expelled the ancient Emims from their territory.
  • Numbers 21:28-30. The Moabites managed to possess many great cities
  •  Jeremiah 48:11. Moab was regarded as prosperous and stable, devoid of any element of captivity.
  • Numbers 21:26. Moabites were dispossessed of a vast part of their territories by the Amorites.
  • Numbers 22:3. Moab was alarmed by the huge population of the children of Israel.
  •  Numbers 22:1-25. Moabites together with Midian sent for Balaam to curse Israel
  • Deuteronomy 23:6. God forbade the children of Israel from seeking peace and prosperity with Moabites
  • 1 Samuel 14:47. The Moabites were subdued and harassed by Saul
  • 2 Kings 3:4. Mesha, the king of Moab, paid homage to the king of Israel with sheep and wool.
  • 2 Kings 3:21-24. Moabites were astoundingly deceived by the color of water and were gravely attacked by the Israelites.
  • Isaiah 16:13-14. God talked about the desolation of Moabites within three years
  • Jeremiah 27:3. Jeremiah prophesied that Moabites will be taken into captivity in Babylon
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Sons of Ishmael

The spread of Ishmael’s sons are mentioned on the Biblical Timeline Chart between 1500 and 1400 BC

Ishmael is the product of Abraham (then named Abram) and Sarah’s (then named Sarai) carnal plan to have children. Although God promised Abraham that he would not die childless, his wife felt that God had restrained her from having children and asked Abraham to have a child with her handmaid Hagar (Genesis 16:2). Years after Isaac was born, God-promised heir, Sarah asked Abraham to send Ishmael away so that he would not be heir with her son. Upon sending Ishmael away, God promised Abraham that He would make Ishmael a nation because he was Abraham’s seed (Genesis 21:13).
Ishmael was 137 when he died and had 12 sons. In descending order, they are Nebajoth, and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, and Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, Hadad and Tema, and Jetur, and Naphish and Kedmah. After their father’s death, the sons lived between Havilah and Shur. The Bible states that Ismael gave up the ghost and was buried with his people. This indicates that Ishmael died a believer in God.

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Ishmael
Ishmael and his mother Hagar in the desert

As for Ismael’s sons, little information is given on them. Although they dwelled in the Arabian Desert, Biblical and history scholars don’t believe they were alone. Of all the sons, the most is known about Nebajoth. Mentioned specifically by the Jewish historian Josephus, the Nabataeans lived in Nabatene. That’s the area between the Euphrates and the Red Sea. Because Josephus lived along side the Nabataeans, it’s believed his information was first hand. The Roman and Greek historians call this particular tribe Arabs because they spoke and wrote the early Arabic language.
The prophets Jeremiah, Isaiah and Ezekiel, make frequent mention of the Kadarites. They were known as the military power or nomads and was always in a conflict with the Assyrians. Isaiah speaks of her gifted arches and glory (Isaiah 21: 16-17). Little is known about the tribe of Adbeel because they lived the furthest west in Sinai.
Although historians wonder if the people of Mishma were the founders of the villages near Jebel Misma little is known about them. Since historians believe the Mibsam and Mishma intermarried with the Simeonites (I Chronicles 4:24-27) and became a separate entity in history, knowledge of this group is very limited. Identified with the Addyrian Adummatu people, Dumah is also known as a biblical city in Canaan (Joshua 15:52).
Uncovered by archeologists Winnett and Reed, graffiti texts mention the tribe Massa in connection with other nearby tribes. The text refers to war against Massa, Dedan and Nebayot. Although another evidence has not been found, the archeologist believes the tribes dwelled closed to each other at one time. Despite the fact that modern day Hadads are Christians, there were two groups known as the Hadads in biblical times. One group lived near the mountains northwest of Palmyra, and the other lied in Arabia. Even though the city of Temya is mentioned several times, the actual tribe is named in Job. As Job laments about his downfall’s, he mentions how the troops of Tema and Sheba hopes to plunder fortune (Job 6:19-20). Although all Ishmael’s sons, played a major role in Arabic history, little is known about his last three sons.

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Naamah Tubalcains Sister

Naamah, Tubal Cain’s sister, is Lamech’s daughter from his wife, Zillah (Genesis 4:22 KJV). The name Naamah came from Hebrew origin and meant “pleasant”.

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Naomi teaches reading; Jubal, father of music

There are 3 Naamahs found in the Bible. First is the sister of Tubalcain, second the wife of King Solomon (1 Kings 14:21 KJV), the third is the name of the town in Judah (Joshua 15:41 KJV). Naamah is officially the fourth woman mentioned in the Bible.

The Biblical Timeline charts Naamah’s existence between 4004 BC (Adam’s creation) and 2350 BC (Great Flood).