Unrest for the Jewish People and Rome
The empire of Rome did not want to be bothered with Judea because they believed it was a worthless province that was only good for creating problems. Judea did offer some benefits since it connected the various parts of the Middle East and Asia together but they still did not think much of the territory. The Jewish people had a strange religion which only worshiped one god and they produced many religious teachers who caused disturbances among the people. A religious teacher named Jesus Christ was executed in Judea by the Roman governor Pilate and the Jewish people.
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After his death a new sect of Judaism known as Christianity emerged shortly after his death. Jesus prophesied that the Temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed and his words came true about forty years after his death. Since the time of Jesus’ death many Zealots were becoming bold with their attacks against Rome. In 66 A.D. they managed to stir up the people and lead them into revolt against Rome.
The Roman emperor of the time of this revolt was Nero and he had encountered the Christians since the time that Paul had arrived in Rome to plead his case before Caligula or Claudius. Nero did not like the Christians and he liked the Jews even less so he sent Nero sent Titus’ father Vespasian to quell the revolt. Nero died at the time the Romans were retaking Judea. Vespasian became embroiled in the intrigues of who was to be emperor – known as “The Year of the Four Emperors.” He would entrust the continuation of the Judean campaign to his son Titus.
Titus Starts to Gain Control
Titus arrived in Judea with his father Vespasian who was a leading general in the Roman Empire. Once he arrived in Jerusalem he began to make his way toward Jerusalem. He conquered many rebellious Jewish sects along the way. He managed to capture the northern half of Judea and forced many Jewish people to surrender without a fight. Vespasian had to return home to Rome after Nero committed suicide and left his son Titus in control.
Many Jewish people fled to Jerusalem and when they did they had started to fight among themselves. The Zealots and other notorious Jewish factions began to kill any Jewish person who wanted to surrender. They managed to take over the city and they fortified the area. They fought a Civil War against themselves. Titus waited for the outcome of this situation before he acted. Titus then moved his forces against Jerusalem and the defenders who were fighting a desperate battle. The rebel Jewish factions were forcing many people to fight even when it would have made more sense to surrender.
They ended up burning the city’s food supplies to force the people to fight on and they cut off all trade and commerce into the city. Many Jewish people were starving during the siege and many were also being killed from the Roman legions. Titus lay siege for years until the city finally collapsed in 70 A.D. which is when this event is found on the Biblical Timeline Chart with World History. The temple at Jerusalem was destroyed during the siege and those who were able to escape fled to a Jewish fortress called Masada or they escaped the country.
Masada fell some time later in 73 A.D. and with its fall the Jewish rebellion came to an end. The remaining Jewish people were allowed to live in Judea but many of them were scattered across the world. Some were forced into slavery and others were forced to live in other parts of the Roman Empire. Titus had returned to Rome in 70 A.D. after he conquered Jerusalem. He was given a triumph or military celebration for his victory and was considered a great Roman general. Titus eventually became an emperor of Rome.