Most of the more accurate information on the founding of Rome is based on archaeological findings along with recordings from writers of ancient times such as Herodotus and Livy. Myth, legend, established notions, and educational guesses dominate the information on the history of Rome. This creates a plethora of facts and fiction. The founding of Rome is placed on the Bible Timeline with it’s earliest settlements during the Bronze age and the formal founding of Rome at 753 BC
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The Peoples of Early Rome
Archaeological findings indicate that there were two closely related inhabitants in the area during its earliest years of habitation. These were the tribal agrarian Italic peoples in the form of the Latins and the Sabines. Both tribes dominated the early Romanian form of government through a hierarchy that existed throughout the city’s rise to dominance in the region.
Facts and Fictions Surrounding the Founding of Rome
Evidence of an early settlement in the region of Latium (this includes Rome) dates back to the Bronze Age (1500 BC). But indications of these findings are that a more established and permanent type of settlement began in 8th century BC. Archaeological findings from the early settlements of Palatine Hill indicate there was a habitation of that place from as early as 750 BC. There is an established legend that Rome was founded on April 21 753 BC. There is an evidently close collaboration in the dateline between the archaeological findings and this established legend.
In 8th century BC, the two existing settlements of Palatine Hill and Quirinal came together to establish a single village. This move corresponds with the date of 753 BC given by the legend. Legend also has it that the Romans origins are linked to Aeneas the son of Venus, who was an escapee from the sacking of Troy during a war between that nation and the Greeks. Aeneas is said to have fled to Italy where he established a monarchy through his son lulus (otherwise known as Julius) after founding of Alba Longa. Roman legends tell tales of what ensued during the reign of Aeneas and other subsequent kings of Alba Longa leading up to the founding of Rome.
The Actual Founding of Rome
Rome was founded by twins Romulus and Remus, brothers who were direct descendants of the Kings of Alba Longa. The story surrounding these twins is told in the famous Roman myth of Romulus and Remus. Romulus became the first and sole King of Rome after a quarrel between the two brothers concerning on which hill the city was to be established, led to Remus’murder. Romulus’ rise to this status (King of Rome) and the founding of Rome was traditionally celebrated on April 21, 753 BC. This was celebrated as the festival of Parilia, the hill on which Romulus decided the city was to be established. That celebration continues today with an array of festivals and parades. The early Romans in the centuries before Christ are known to have referred to Rome as the City of Seven Hills. Rome takes its name from its first King, Romulus.
Rome’s rise to power was largely supported by their neighbors to the north, the Etruscans. These people assisted Romulus and Rome in their conquests as they were wary of a Latin city to their south that was growing in both power and influence. The Etruscans, with the passage of time, would come to strategically replace Romulus and the Latin Kings with their own Kings.