Amaziah of Judah, King

Amaziah of Judah wasn’t a good leader according to God. The story of his life is told in 2 Kings, chapter 14. He is found on the Biblical Timeline just after his father King Joash in the 9th century BC. Amaziah was the son of King Joash who ended his reign in a bad way. Before King Joash had become a corrupt ruler he was a godly leader but after his mentor Jehoiada had died he began to lead Israel in the wrong direction. King Joash also killed Jehoiada’s son named Zechariah after he told him to repent of his sins. Joash was then assassinated by some of his counselors. His son Amaziah took the throne after his death. Once Amaziah became king he quickly found out who murdered his father and executed them all.

King Amaziah went to war and slaughtered 10,000 Edomites during his reign. The Edomites had become troublesome to the people of Judah so Amaziah had to keep them under control to let them know that Israel was still their masters. He also conquered other cities and regions such as Sela.

King Amaziah had sent a challenge against King Jehoash of Israel. He did this because some Israeli mercenaries had destroyed some towns in Judah. King Jehoash answered his threat and told Amaziah not to risk going to war with him because he would lose. King Amaziah didn’t listen and ended up fighting the king at Beth-shemesh. Israel then defeated Judah and caused them to run home. During the battle King Amaziah was captured by Jehoash and marched to the wall in Jerusalem. King Jehoash made Amaziah watch as he destroyed a large section of the wall. King Jehoash then took King Amaziah to Solomon’s Temple and took out treasures, artifacts and hostages while he made King Amaziah watch. Jehoash then released King Amaziah and went back home with his loot. King Amaziah was defeated by Jehoash and he never challenged him again.

King Amaziah had continued to rule in Judah many more years and during this time he didn’t get rid of the pagan idols that he brought into the land from his attack on Edom. God was punishing the people of Israel for worshipping these idols and some of the king’s counselors decided to assassinate him. They carried out their plot and killed him at Lachish. Once he was dead his body was brought back to Judah where he was buried. His 16 year old son named Uzziah was the next king to take the throne once he died.

Even though Amaziah was removed from the throne because of his idolatry the Bible says that he did do what was pleasing in the Lord’s sight. Apparently he allowed the temple to still honor God but he didn’t remove all of the pagan shrines from the land. Amaziah was 25 years old when he became king and he ruled for 29 years.

Biblical References:

  • 2 Kings 14: 1 – 4 These verses present some background information on Amaziah’s life.
  • 2 Kings 14: 5, 6 Amaziah executes the people who assassinated his father.
  • 2 Kings 14: 7 King Amaziah defeats the Edomites and has other military victories.
  • 2 Kings 14: 8 – 12 King Amaziah challenges KIng Jehoash of Israel to a battle and ends up being defeated.
  • 2 kings 14: 13, 14 King Amaziah is captured by Jehoash and forced to watch as he destroys a section of Jerusalem’s wall and as he pillages Solomon’s Temple.
  • 2 Kings 14: 15 – 17 King’s Amaziah life is outlined in these verses.
  • 2 Kings 14: 19, 20 King Amaziah is assassinated by some of his counselors.
  • 2 Kings 14: 21, 22 His son takes over the throne as the next king.


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