Jebusites and Jerusalem

Who are the Jebusites?

The Jebusites are believed to be the descendants of Jebus, a descendant of Canaan, Ham’s son. They were thought to be a warlike people and were mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as a nation living in the mountains.  The Bible Timeline Chart places them with the other nations of Ham beginning about 2300 BC

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They are one of the tribes mentioned in the Bible that God promised to expel from the Promised Land. One of the seven nations that God commanded the Israelites to destroy completely.

The Jebusites settled and constructed Jerusalem, then called Jebus. They lost the battle against Joshua that also killed their king, Adonizedek, but managed to stay in Jebus until the invasion of King David.

In spite of the number of times that the Jebusites are mentioned in the Bible, other evidence concerning them is limited.

Jerusalem

Jebusites,_Biblical_People_and_Places revised
On this slope, it is now believed stood the original Jerusalem

The Biblical town, Jerusalem is the largest city in Israel and one of the most ancient Canaanite cities in the world. It is found in the Judean Mountains in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea on the north rim of the Dead Sea.

The city was known by the name Jebus before it was conquered by King David. This holy land to the three main Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) has currently extended its borders outside that of the Old City.

Jerusalem is entirely surrounded by valleys and arid riverbanks resulting in a great problem in water supply since Biblical times. To supply water, the farmers constructed stone terraces along the valleys.

Years of war and abandonment resulted in the destruction of the forests including almond, olive, and pine trees that enclosed Jerusalem during the ancient times. Over time, this city was ruined twice, hit with plague 23 times, assaulted 52 times, and invaded 44 times.

Jebusites and Jerusalem Today

The position of Jerusalem is currently a primary part of the Israeli-Palestinian dispute. Jerusalem is not internationally identified as the capital of Israel while under the Basic Law of Israel they referred to this city as their nation’s “undivided capital”.

Despite the absence of scholastic back-up, many Palestinian Arabs believe that the Jebusites are the forefathers of the Palestinians.  Why? Because this claim would help to support legally their declaration that Jerusalem and Israel belong to the Palestinians.

What does the Bible say about the Jebusites and the city of Jerusalem?

  • Genesis 10:15-16. The first time the name Jebusites appeared in Bible as one of the descendants of Canaan.
  • Joshua 10:1-26. The first time that Jerusalem was mentioned in the Bible when its king, Adonizedek, lead the Jebusites along with the people from nearby cities to fight against Joshua; a war he eventually lost and in which he was killed.
  • Joshua 11:3, Numbers 13:29. Jebusites dwell in the “hill country”.
  • Genesis 15:18-21. The Jebusites are listed as one of the clans that inhabit land that is promised to Abram.
  • Exodus 3:6-8. God rescued the people of Moses from the Egyptians and brought them to the “good and spacious” land abundant of “milk and honey” where the Jebusites resided along with five other tribes.
  • Exodus 33:2. God sent an angel to move out the six tribes, including the Jebusites, from the Promised Land.
  • Deuteronomy 7:1-2. God ordered the Israelites to completely destroy the Jebusites together with the other six mighty nations.
  • Judges 1:21. The Jebusites still live in Jerusalem with the Benjamites.
  • Judges 1:8. Jerusalem was captured by the people of Judah.
  • Joshua 15:63. Judah failed to expel the Jebusites from Jerusalem, and they continued to live in the city with the children of Judah.
  • Judges 19:10, 11. Jerusalem was also known as Jebus.
  • 2 Samuel 5:6-10. The Jebusites protested against King David’s arrival in Jerusalem, but David invaded Zion (Jerusalem), lived in its stronghold, and called it the City of David.

18 thoughts on “Jebusites and Jerusalem

  1. Dear Bible researchers,
    Ham is the father of the Jebusites. Ham was cursed for intercoursing with his father…so, the Jebusites were cursed and successfully bought enough time to find and establish a city on the ground still disputed today called Jerusalem…I am currently working with Jews AND Arabs in uncovering the mystery and power of Jerusalem…So far, all that Jehovah will tell me is that underneath temple mount lays ALL the ley lines, currents, frequencies, and charges which governs not just planet earth…but, the Whole Universe…serious stuff…thanx for your research…sincerely, Ed Gainer — courtneygainer@aol.com (main) — — USA — September 23, 2013…

    1. There are no remains of a King David or a King Solomon ever existing. Don’t bother. The OT is not an accurate and historical book. The OT Hebrew god is a cruel god who slaughters and kills people but only saves one life from a flood. Don’t buy into the nonsense. Focus on the NT and Jesus’ teachings.

      1. The New Testament has its entire foundation in the OT. Anyone who tries to deny the Father by nullifying His Holy Commandments and His People, through which line Yeshua (Jesus) was born through, the line of David, and all the prophets… This person be accursed and is a hater of Yeshua and of the Father whom sent Him forth. Woe is he or she who wrote those comments or even thinks such blasphemy.

      2. Whataya mean “don’t believe the Old Testament, its not an accurate book”, That’s furthest from the truth lady!
        Without the Old Testament there would be no New Testament. The New is anchored by the Underlying Old Testament. You cannot refer to the New without drawing from the Old Testament. They go together like hand in glove. The Old is Messianic to to New…

      3. The OT foreshadows in every way the NT. Throw out the OT, and you can make the NT mean anything you want it to. Truth goes out the window. Without an understanding of the “very good” creation, the poor free will decision of humans and their falling away from God, God’s 1st Covenant, meant to convince man of his sin and consequent need for God, and God’s 2nd Covenant granting pardon and resoration to those truly desiring an end to their alienation from God, there is no possibility of a radically changed life that brings one back into the family of God which includes the indwelling presence of God. Read both OT and NT. THERE IS A CURSE ON THOSE WHO ADD TO OR TAKEAWAY FROM GOD’S WORD. REMEMBER, JESUS QUOTED OFTEN FROM THE OT!!! DO AWAY WITH THE OT AND YOU HIDE JESUS’S OWN WORDS.

    2. It is logical to agree that the Jebusites were the forefathers of the Palestinian Arabs. The problem exist when the Palestinians deny that GOD took Jerusalem (Jebus) from them and gave it to the children of Israel (Jacob). The Palestinians simply refuse to accept defeat. The answer is to simply obey GOD and utterly destroy the Palestinians in the West bank and Gaza as he instructed in Deuteronomy 7:1-2. Israel did not, so now we have this problem today with the descendants of the Jebusites. When David beat Goliath (knock him out) he had to finish the fight by cutting his (Goliath’s) head off and by so doing the battle was over.

    3. Faulty info… Ham was not cursed it was Noah’s grandson Canaan (Ham’s son) whom Noah cursed. Also, Ham did not have intercourse with his Noah. That is not supported by the Canonized or Apocrypha text anywhere. To the contrary the Book of Jasher says Ham stole the garments of Adam and Eve that Noah had preserved, while he (Noah) was drunk. Lastly, Jebus was Jerusalem and built the city and inhabited it for roughly 1500 years before David seized it.

  2. Thanks for you for All of your hard work , I’am very interested in your results. I believe you are on the level. Good Luck all the way .

  3. Thank you for the very clear teaching on the Jebusites. I was reading Joshua the other day and was curious about why the Jebusites were never run out of Jerusalem and then I started to wonder if there is a connection between the Ishmaelites and the Jebusites, other than that they are a thorn in the sides of the Jews. I know that the Ishmaelites are descendants of Shem while the Jebusites (supposedly) are descendants of Ham. I also read about the Palestinian connection, but I thought that Ishmael was their forefather. If there is no connection, it almost seems like the Jews were doomed to fail because they were surrounded by people who would be constantly trying to destroy them. So, my question: is there a connection that I didn’t find somewhere? Thanks.

    1. Ishmael father is Abraham Semite and his mother Hagar (African Egyptian) Hamite. Ishmael is both a Semite and Hamite. Jebusites are descendants of Jebus (one of Canaan’s son) a Canaanite. Although the descendants of Ham is black, the entire black/Africans were not cursed. And the law against intermarriage was based on religion not race. ( I know you didn’t ask, I just added).
      Lastly, the instructions for the children of Israel was to annihilate all of the Jebusites and Jacobs descendants could not. The bible says they still live there unto this day. And guess what… they intermarried too!!

  4. Correction if we read Genesis 9 Canaan was cursed. Not Ham. (Referring to Edward Courtney comment above)

  5. error (Genesis 15:18-21. Jebusites are among the descendants of Abram the Lord mentioned when He made a covenant with Abram.) The Jebusites are listed as one of the clans that inhabit land that is promised to Abram. Also, the Jebusites are descendants of Ham, while Abram is descendant from Ham’s brother Shem.

    1. Agreed Shawn, we have made the update. Thanks for visting, reading and your feedback!

    2. So Shawn, you’re saying that the Jebusites are a descendent of Abram, and Abram a descendent of Sham, how can you also say that the Jebusites are descendent of Ham? Are they both?

      1. Lucy… The Jebusites are not descendants of Abram. The Jebusites are Hamitic by way of Canaan their father. Their land was a part of the promise to Abraham.

  6. So does it mean that there were Palenstinian Arabs from Jebusite tribe still living in desert, barren land around Jerbu (Jerusalem} after the last destruction of the Temple around 70 a.d.? Seems that most of the Jewish and Gentile Christian communities scattered for fear of political dangers. I Keep wondering who remained from that time until 1900’s to try and hack out a living in that deserted area or was it deserted?

    1. according to an ottoman empire census from 1900 it was about 92% arab, 6% jews, 2% others, so by that i would assume it was not deserted, certainly not by the arabs anyway

  7. Arabs are part Semite by way of their father Abraham. As in the beginning Abraham (Semite) and Hagar (Hamite) and Abraham (Semite) and Keturah (Hamite)…
    Islam happened 1000’s of years later, after the book of revelation had been written.

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