Who Wrote the Bible?

Who Wrote the Bible

‘An illustration of a European scribe at work’

 

The word Bible comes from a Latin form of the Greek word Biblia which means “little books.” The Bible refers to the collection of 66 books from different authors compiled to make up what we refer to today as “The Holy Bible”. Thirty-nine of the original books kept by ancient Israel in Hebrew are the ones we know today as The Old Testament.

The last section of the Bible known familiarly as The New Testament is comprised of 27 books or letters written in Greek. The Greek used was not formal Greek but the conversational Greek used at the time of the Apostles.

Forty men shared in the writing of the Bible over a span of about 1,600 years from the time of Moses to the last book written by John. The last book of the Old Testament, Malachi, was written about 443 B.C. The first book of the New Testament, Matthew, was written about 40 A.D. leaving a 500 year gap between the Old and New Testament books.

Below is a table showing when each book was written, where, by whom and the time frame covered. This is in order of when each book was written. [The symbol “a.” means after, “b.” means before and “c.” means circa or about.]

Book

Writer

Date Completed

Time Covered

Place Written

Genesis

Moses

1513

“In the Wilderness beginning” to 1657 B.C.

Wilderness

Exodus

Moses

1512

1657-1512

Wilderness

Leviticus

Moses

1512

1 month [1512]

Wilderness

Job

Moses

c. 1473

Over 140 years between 1657 and 1473

Wilderness

Numbers

Moses

1473

1512-1473

Wilderness / Plains of Moab

Deuteronomy

Moses

1473

2 months [1473]

Plains of Moab

Joshua

Joshua

c. 1450

1473– c. 1450

Canaan

Judges

Samuel

c. 1100

c. 1450– c. 1120

Israel

Ruth

Samuel

c. 1090

11 years of Judges’ rule

Israel

1 Samuel

Samuel; Gad; Nathan

c. 1078

c. 1180-1078

Israel

2 Samuel

Gad; Nathan

c. 1040

1077–c. 1040

Israel

Song of Solomon

Solomon

c. 1020

*

Jerusalem

Ecclesiastes

Solomon

b. 1000

*

Jerusalem

Jonah

Jonah

c. 844

*

*

Joel

Joel

c. 820 (?)

*

Judah

Amos

Amos

c. 804

*

Judah

Hosea

Hosea

a. 745

b. 804– a. 745

Samaria (District)

Isaiah

Isaiah

a. 732

c. 778– a. 732

Jerusalem

Micah

Micah

b. 717

c. 777-717

Judah

Proverbs

Solomon; Agur; Lemuel

c. 717

Jerusalem

Zephaniah

Zephaniah

b. 648

*

Judah

Nahum

Nahum

b. 632

*

Judah

Habakkuk

Habakkuk

c. 628 (?)

*

Judah

Lamentations

Jeremiah

607

*

Nr. Jerusalem

Obadiah

Obadiah

c. 607

*

*

Ezekiel

Ezekiel

c. 591

613–c. 591

Babylon

1 and 2 Kings

Jeremiah

580

c. 1040-580

Judah/Egypt

Jeremiah

Jeremiah

580

647-580

Judah/Egypt

Daniel

Daniel

c. 536

618–c. 536

Babylon

Haggai

Haggai

520

112 days (520)

Jerusalem

Zechariah

Zechariah

518

520-518

Jerusalem

Esther

Mordecai

c. 475

493–c. 475

Shushan, Elam

1 and 2 Chronicles

Ezra

c. 460

After 1 Chronicles 9:44, 1077-537

Jerusalem (?)

Ezra

Ezra

c. 460

537–c. 467

Jerusalem

Psalms

David and others

c. 460

*

*

Nehemiah

Nehemiah

a. 443

456–a. 443

Jerusalem

Malachi

Malachi

a. 443

*

Jerusalem

Matthew

Matthew

c. 41

2 B.C.– 33 A.D.

Palestine

1 Thessalonians

Paul

c. 50

*

Corinth

2 Thessalonians

Paul

c. 51

*

Corinth

Galatians

Paul

c. 50-52

*

Corinth or Syr. Antioch

1 Corinthians

Paul

c. 55

*

Ephesus

2 Corinthians

Paul

c. 55

*

Macedonia

Romans

Paul

c. 56

*

Corinth

Luke

Luke

c. 56-58

3 B.C.– 34 AD.

Caesarea

Ephesians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Colossians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Philemon

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Philippians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Hebrews

Paul

c. 61

*

Rome

Acts

Luke

c. 61

34–c. 62 AD.

Caesarea

James

James (Jesus’ brother)

b. 62

*

Jerusalem

Mark

Mark

c. 60-65

30-34AD.

Rome

1 Timothy

Paul

c. 61-64

*

Macedonia

Titus

Paul

c. 61-64

*

Macedonia (?)

1 Peter

Peter

c. 62-64

*

Babylon

2 Peter

Peter

c. 64

*

Babylon?

2 Timothy

Paul

c. 65

*

Rome

Jude

Jude (Jesus’ brother)

c. 65

*

Palestine (?)

Revelation

Apostle John

c. 96

*

Patmos

John

Apostle John

c. 98

After prologue, 30-34 AD.

Ephesus, or near

1 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

2 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

3 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

 Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews?

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_manuscripts#mediaviewer/File:Escribano.jpg

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