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Who Wrote the Bible?

Who Wrote the Bible

‘An illustration of a European scribe at work’

 

The word Bible comes from a Latin form of the Greek word Biblia which means “little books.” The Bible refers to the collection of 66 books from different authors compiled to make up what we refer to today as “The Holy Bible”. Thirty-nine of the original books kept by ancient Israel in Hebrew are the ones we know today as The Old Testament.

The last section of the Bible known familiarly as The New Testament is comprised of 27 books or letters written in Greek. The Greek used was not formal Greek but the conversational Greek used at the time of the Apostles.

Forty men shared in the writing of the Bible over a span of about 1,600 years from the time of Moses to the last book written by John. The last book of the Old Testament, Malachi, was written about 443 B.C. The first book of the New Testament, Matthew, was written about 40 A.D. leaving a 500 year gap between the Old and New Testament books.

Below is a table showing when each book was written, where, by whom and the time frame covered. This is in order of when each book was written. [The symbol “a.” means after, “b.” means before and “c.” means circa or about.]

Book

Writer

Date Completed

Time Covered

Place Written

Genesis

Moses

1513

“In the Wilderness beginning” to 1657 B.C.

Wilderness

Exodus

Moses

1512

1657-1512

Wilderness

Leviticus

Moses

1512

1 month [1512]

Wilderness

Job

Moses

c. 1473

Over 140 years between 1657 and 1473

Wilderness

Numbers

Moses

1473

1512-1473

Wilderness / Plains of Moab

Deuteronomy

Moses

1473

2 months [1473]

Plains of Moab

Joshua

Joshua

c. 1450

1473– c. 1450

Canaan

Judges

Samuel

c. 1100

c. 1450– c. 1120

Israel

Ruth

Samuel

c. 1090

11 years of Judges’ rule

Israel

1 Samuel

Samuel; Gad; Nathan

c. 1078

c. 1180-1078

Israel

2 Samuel

Gad; Nathan

c. 1040

1077–c. 1040

Israel

Song of Solomon

Solomon

c. 1020

*

Jerusalem

Ecclesiastes

Solomon

b. 1000

*

Jerusalem

Jonah

Jonah

c. 844

*

*

Joel

Joel

c. 820 (?)

*

Judah

Amos

Amos

c. 804

*

Judah

Hosea

Hosea

a. 745

b. 804– a. 745

Samaria (District)

Isaiah

Isaiah

a. 732

c. 778– a. 732

Jerusalem

Micah

Micah

b. 717

c. 777-717

Judah

Proverbs

Solomon; Agur; Lemuel

c. 717

Jerusalem

Zephaniah

Zephaniah

b. 648

*

Judah

Nahum

Nahum

b. 632

*

Judah

Habakkuk

Habakkuk

c. 628 (?)

*

Judah

Lamentations

Jeremiah

607

*

Nr. Jerusalem

Obadiah

Obadiah

c. 607

*

*

Ezekiel

Ezekiel

c. 591

613–c. 591

Babylon

1 and 2 Kings

Jeremiah

580

c. 1040-580

Judah/Egypt

Jeremiah

Jeremiah

580

647-580

Judah/Egypt

Daniel

Daniel

c. 536

618–c. 536

Babylon

Haggai

Haggai

520

112 days (520)

Jerusalem

Zechariah

Zechariah

518

520-518

Jerusalem

Esther

Mordecai

c. 475

493–c. 475

Shushan, Elam

1 and 2 Chronicles

Ezra

c. 460

After 1 Chronicles 9:44, 1077-537

Jerusalem (?)

Ezra

Ezra

c. 460

537–c. 467

Jerusalem

Psalms

David and others

c. 460

*

*

Nehemiah

Nehemiah

a. 443

456–a. 443

Jerusalem

Malachi

Malachi

a. 443

*

Jerusalem

Matthew

Matthew

c. 41

2 B.C.– 33 A.D.

Palestine

1 Thessalonians

Paul

c. 50

*

Corinth

2 Thessalonians

Paul

c. 51

*

Corinth

Galatians

Paul

c. 50-52

*

Corinth or Syr. Antioch

1 Corinthians

Paul

c. 55

*

Ephesus

2 Corinthians

Paul

c. 55

*

Macedonia

Romans

Paul

c. 56

*

Corinth

Luke

Luke

c. 56-58

3 B.C.– 34 AD.

Caesarea

Ephesians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Colossians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Philemon

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Philippians

Paul

c. 60-61

*

Rome

Hebrews

Paul

c. 61

*

Rome

Acts

Luke

c. 61

34–c. 62 AD.

Caesarea

James

James (Jesus’ brother)

b. 62

*

Jerusalem

Mark

Mark

c. 60-65

30-34AD.

Rome

1 Timothy

Paul

c. 61-64

*

Macedonia

Titus

Paul

c. 61-64

*

Macedonia (?)

1 Peter

Peter

c. 62-64

*

Babylon

2 Peter

Peter

c. 64

*

Babylon?

2 Timothy

Paul

c. 65

*

Rome

Jude

Jude (Jesus’ brother)

c. 65

*

Palestine (?)

Revelation

Apostle John

c. 96

*

Patmos

John

Apostle John

c. 98

After prologue, 30-34 AD.

Ephesus, or near

1 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

2 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

3 John

Apostle John

c. 98

*

Ephesus, or near

 Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews?

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_manuscripts#mediaviewer/File:Escribano.jpg

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Leave a Comment

26 comments… add one

  • Michael August 21, 2013, 10:55 am

    I wanted to kindly follow up with a final question/thought. I am thinking and thinking, and the only logical thing for me to accept as real, is the fact that a creator made the complex human bodies that we live in. The way our heart pumps blood to the way our eyes blink to the way we feel pain, and senses, to the way we think with our brains, and reproduce with our sexual organs, to the way we have blood flowing through our veins, all these point to the fact that only God could have created us. I am not even going to talk about other creation such as fish, whales, birds, trees, the moon, stars, snakes, turtles, frogs, insects, bears,etc. So with all of this monumental proof on God’s existence and creation, why is it that atheists still believe there is no God? Shouldn’t this evidence I listed be an overwhelming push for a God in the mind of an atheist? Where do atheists believe they came from? The ‘Big Bang” theory? How could a “bang” start everything? Where did the “everything” come from? Your thoughts please. Thank you once again.

    Michael

    • Margaret Hunter August 21, 2013, 1:23 pm

      I agree with you but I can’t answer for atheists since I’ve never thought like that. Although it might help to keep in mind that God exists outside of time (see Isaiah 57:15 and Revelation 1:8) and no science that depends on time applies to God – for example the speed of light (so much distance in so much time.) Those laws do not apply to God. According to Einstein a being who exists outside of time is theoretically possible.

    • Sarah October 7, 2013, 1:21 pm

      Just my thought but I think they are just looking to be different. I mean come on….I can see y people might think evolution might be real but then even they would have to stop and look at how even the very first creatures got on this planet or how the sun was created or the Universe for that matter. The atheists…….

  • Chris September 11, 2013, 12:18 am

    Michael,
    I will take a stab at answering your question of why atheists may not believe that God created them. Obviously, this is just one perspective. You mention the complexity of the human body as being evidence that only God could have created such a complex creature. Consider that someone else could look at that same complexity as evidence that God did not create man. Why would God create such a complex creature that has to be down (sleep) one third of their life; that has to eat and drink several times every day to survive, a creature that easily gets sick, and a creature who stops functioning over a relatively brief period of time. Some might ask, how could man be anything else but a creature of environmental evolution? People have been brought up to accept the dogma of the church without considering other perspectives. It is said that God proved his love of man by allowing his son to be crucified to forgive man sins. Some might say that was a sign of a sick mind (would you allow your son to be crucified before you forgave someone?). Some read about some of the things done by God and Jesus that humans are incapable of doing and therefore claim that only a deity could do such things. Other people would say those things are not possible, and therefore, did not occur. It is all perspective.

    • Margaret Hunter September 11, 2013, 8:41 pm

      Those are both good and typical responses. I’m only answering this because I keep hearing that statement – what kind of sick, twisted God sends his Son to suffer?
      What kind of God would send his son to suffer for us? (atheist conclusion – only a sick and twisted one; Christian conclusion – one who understood the need and loved us enough to do so)
      Why have mortal bodies?
      The answer to both are related and depend on the answer to this question
      1. here’s the question. Have you ever done anything to hurt another person that you can never make up for? (and vice versa) No matter how sorry you are, no matter how much good you do from now on, is there any pain you’ve caused that you can’t repair?
      If your answer is yes then that is the reason for Christ.
      Since we have all failed we must rely on Christ to bring us back to God.
      2. If there is no Christ, the universe is both unjust and unmerciful. If the person forgives, there is mercy but he is left without repayment so there is no justice. On the other hand, if there is no forgiveness there is no mercy. How to have both justice and mercy? With Christ, God is able to be both just and merciful.
      Christ did not suffer without cause – nor was he forced to suffer. He understood the need and freely chose to do it. – he suffered that he might be wounded as we are, that he might be able to understand our griefs and pains and heal us of them. And he suffered to pay the price for our sins that we cannot. That makes him our savior. For millenia Christians have testified this is true. His healing of our wounds is complete because he both paid the price and suffered our griefs. (Isaiah 53:4) We do not forgive in a vacuum. People often overlook the justice of his act while concentrating on the mercy (I can be forgiven even though I cannot make up for it.) The justice is he heals us because he understands the depth of our own suffering – how could he understand without suffering that himself?

      Why a mortal body? That is the gift. Our bodies and spirits are connected so that as we suffer from our own acts and the acts of others, our bodies suffer and are damaged by our sins and the sins committed against us. Death frees us from that and as our healing is made complete we are given new, immortal bodies.
      But of course, then you have to accept life after death, resurrection and immortality.
      Also, many people have questioned the teachings with which they are raised. And have tried and tested them. The fact that they have chosen to keep them does not mean they never questioned them or have not considered other perspectives.

    • mike November 27, 2013, 10:26 am

      When ever I hear people debate then realness of God I know you can’t make anyone believe,however when I see a building I know there was a builder,when I see a painting I know there was a painter,so when you look at everything that was created it only stands to reason there is a Creator.And I am glad he loved me enough to send his only son where I might not be able to ,and give his life to save mine.

  • pastor Akhiz shahzad September 20, 2013, 8:09 am

    i am pastor Akhiz shahzad shamshad from pakistan,i am three years course complete bible institute pakistan

  • claude September 21, 2013, 4:51 pm

    may God bless you and am blessed for this skills you gave us.

  • Kerry November 21, 2013, 11:40 pm

    I find this….extremely hard to believe anything that book refers to as how the earth was made and so on….but its suspicious that so many ppl read that book and went along with what previous author’s has “added” to it. Its fake! Humans evolved for primates! If that’s not true then wouldn’t we all be incesed?

  • Reynox November 24, 2013, 7:14 am

    i really think everything under the sun has its own life and survival system to exist at a certain period of time like this bible thing and anything else around it because its given company and protection by the holy spirit including believers and unbelievers alike both human and non human subjects. don’t worry guys the true truth will surface someday. i challenge to delete this sentence if you can ” JESUS IS THE WAY THE TRUTH AND SALVATION. READ AND BELIEVE THE HOLY BIBLE”<3 :)

  • james wiliams December 6, 2013, 8:29 am

    Lord Jesus did not come to bring a new morality or a philosophy on earth. He brought a Holy Tradition (Church Tr.) through which man is -REMADE- by Gods Grace to -a new kind of a human being- never known or seen on earth or heaven before… a new creation!
    [Colossians 3 10] “And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him”:

    MAN HAS A DIVINE INHERITANCE
    AND A DIVINE DESTINATION

    A Saint is a -New Creation- on Earth
    The coming of Lord Jesus introduced into man kind a -New Creation- (a new kind of human being) for Lord Jesus himself was the first one, He was conceived by the -Holy Sprit- and -Mary- His mother while remaining a virgin. Lord Jesus is a New Creation (God and man) consisting of 2 natures. The divine nature God Logos (Truth Spoken Words) and the human one, a man .God Logos, who is the second Person in the Holy Triad, became a -Godman by nature- in this way.
    The purpose of the creation of His Church by the Apostles where He was to preside eternally as Height Priest [Hebrews 5:5], was to serve man as to also becoming a godmen but -by the Grace of God- a supernatural condition that testifies to union with God known as Sainthood, Salvation or Holiness. (Peter 1, 16) “Be Holy because I am Holy”.

    Before the coming of Lord Jesus and in the absence of the Church it was impossible for man to know God personally, to see God and live. In [Exodus 33:20] we are informed why. “And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live”. (Note: The Holy Light that we see in Jerusalem Saturday Orthodox Easter each year is a creation of God, just like the fire on the burning bush was a creation of God and not God Himself.)

    The philanthropist God, delivered His only begotten Son (God Logos) not to only teach, but to die on the Cross, defeat death as a man, become -the first born- of a New Creation of man (Godman) in order to then become the -head of His Body the Church- where man could receive -the Therapy needed- to exceed their human nature, to become Holy, a condition also known as Eternal Life.

    [Colossians 1:18] “And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence “. So in simple words, God (God Logos) became man in order for man to become –god- (Saint) but with the Grace of God.

    This is how Paul describes His personal experience, as being a new creation. [Gal 2:20] “So that it is no longer I who live, but it is Christ who lives in me” Paul admits that God (Christ) lives in him, making him this way a god-man by His Grace, a way of being never seen on heaven or earth before. [Galatians 6:15] “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature”. So the heavenly Kingdom is NOT a “place” it is “a way of being” a UNION of man with God Creator Himself, begotten and experienced from this here life. [Luke 17:21] No one will say, “Look here it is”! Or, “There it is!” because the Kingdom of God is within you”. This is how the Apostles and the Saints did/do their miracles…it is not man that does them it is the God (Holy Spirit) within!

    The most important words in verse [John 17:3] that go un noticed are the words “knowing you” Most people today think they know Lord Jesus because they study the Holy Bible however if you think about it they only know Him philosophically this way. However there are those in the Church who have exceeded in prayer and fasting while following the Therapy (Holy Tradition) of the Church who were -enabled- throu the 2000 year life of the Church to know Him PERSONALLY, they see Him and speak to Him personally, and stay in His Divine Light (Presence) for hours or even days.

    To know Him personally (to one day live in His Presence in the Holy city), means first Union with Him, it is a -Part Take- with the Holy Spirit that can only take place in the heart. [2 Corinthians: 4:6]. “God makes His Light shine in our hearts, to bring us the knowledge of God’s glory shining in the face of Christ. So the Therapy of the Church is consettraded on the part that leaves the body after death the centre of mans psychosomatic self the ill begotten heart (soul).

    [Matthew 15-19] “For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies”:
    Furthermore Vainglory, selfishness, jealousy, hatred, murder, lustfulness, gastritis, stinginess, are all PASSIONS “adopted” by he heart that FORCE man (the mind) in a un natural acts that are known as SIN.

    The Orthodox Christians consecrate not upwards but inwards towards their heart when praying, hoping they were cleansed from sin through the redeeming life of the Church enabling their selves this way to becoming worthy to witness His Glory (Light) and get from God Revelation. (Luke 17:21) No one will say, “Look here it is”! Or, “There it is!” because the Kingdom of God is within you”. So -Holy Tradition- in essence is everything delivered by the Apposes unchanged, begotten the day of Pentecost by the Holy Spirit for the Salvation (theosis) of man.

    Sainthood-Holiness
    (In the Orthodox Tradition the term Sainthood is not a moral or an ethical term, it is an ontological transformation verifiable on the Remains of Saints after death and after exhuming the body).

    Holy Remains

    1) It is an Orthodox Monastic Tradition worldwide, to exhume the monks’ bodies 5 years after their death. Their remains are then placed in special charnel houses and at the same time the Monastery monks are given the chance to establish first hand if their brother monk brings signs of Holiness on his remain. In reality what they are looking to ascertain is:

    2) Whether the remain (the bones) have acquired a honey- gold color,

    3) Ascertain if a distinct beautiful scent (aroma) ascends from the monk’s relic.

    4) In some cases (that are not rare) like in the case of Saint Demetrios the “fragrant”
    who lived the 3rd century, His Holy Remains gush out a semi liquid aromatic unction
    that looks like honey. Every year the 3rd of November, the delegation of His Temple in Thessalonica Greece, opens His reliquary (that is permanently located in the Church), in order to gather from the Holy Remain His unction on cotton balls, so that the faithful ones can keep them as a special blessing.

    5) It is well known among Christians of the Orthodox Church, that the Holy Remains
    (and the unction) are known to cure even the most incurable diseases and illnesses.
    The Holy Fathers of the Orthodox Church explain that the Gold and Aromatic Remains of a monk are signs of holiness, that are begotten as a result of an actual physical transformation or a metamorphosis that is ontological that takes place during the monk’s natural life. The Holy Fathers explain that this metamorphosis constitutes the needed proof that during the monk’s natural life he managed to become a “vessel” of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Fathers resemble the transformed Holy Remains of the monk with an iron that has become incandescent (transformed) after being put to the fire. Even thought the iron returns to what it seems to be its natural form and shape after being placed in the fire, a close examination reveals a change of colon and the presence of a powder like residue.
    This is the reason why the term Saint is not a moral (ethical) term in Orthodoxy, but an ontological (physical) one that is verifiable. The glory found on holy remains is a prefiguration of this new glorified way of being (holiness) of the body.

    The Grace of God that sanctifies the holy remains with aroma is mentioned in the Holy Bible in (2 Corinthians 2: 14, 15). 14. “We owe thanks to God, because while he wins and while being triumphant, he always carries us all about in his triumph as deacons of his victory that takes place for Christ and his gospel”. 15. “Because we the apostles and the preachers of the gospel are indeed the scent of Christ that is pleasing to God˙ a scent amongst those who are saved and also amongst those who are sentenced to eternal loss”.

    The same –Grace- is known to be transmitted through various objects (f.i. clothing and other objects) that come into contact with the bodies of Saints resulting to miracle making. (Matthew 20, 22), 20. “And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind [him], and touched the hem of his garment”: 21. “For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole”. 22 “But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour”. Oil was also used to removed demons and cure men and women by anointing them with it. (Mark 6:13) “And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.” They also cured the ill by using handkerchiefs or aprons. (Acts 19:12) “So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.”

    In order for God to protect the monk from arrogance or protect him (or her) from other people that might want to harm him because of jealousy, allows the rest of us to see this metamorphosis (the signs of Sainthood) after death and after we exhume the body.
    The most significant event that is EVER going to take after His Second Coming and after Resurrection will be the ASCENSION of our Lord Jesus with His Saints to the Heavenly Jerusalem prepared by God before creation for those who became worthy.
    (Revelation 21:10) “And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God”. In the Holy city of Jerusalem, there is going to be no need for the presence of a sun and there is going to be no need for a Church for Lord Jesus (God Logos) will be eternally present as Height Priest and King in the order of Melxisedec. Divine Liturgy (and Divine Thanks) as delivered by the Apostles will be a part of the lives of the Saints just like it has been a part of their lives always. The Saints who became “gods by the Grace of God” with live along with Lord Jesus who is God by nature in a relationship that is best described as one of a royal FAMILY.
    (Luke 22:30) “That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel”.

    A Word About Church History
    (Ephesians 4, 5) “One Church One Faith One Baptism”

    Scholars estimate there are over 2600 groups today who lay claim to being the Church, or at least the direct descendants of the Church described in the New Testament. Repeat: 2600!
    But for the first thousand years of her history the Church was essentially one. Five historic Patriarchal centers–Jerusalem; Antioch, Rome, Alexandria, and Constantinople– formed a cohesive whole and were in full communion with each other. There were occasional heretical or schismatic groups going their own way, to be sure; but the Church was unified until the 11th century. Then, in events culminating in A.D.1054, the Roman Patriarch pulled away from the other four, pursuing his long-developing claim of universal headship of the Church.

    Today, nearly a thousand years later, the other four Patriarchates remain intact, in full communion, maintaining that Orthodox apostolic faith of the inspired New Testament record and (Ephesians 4, 5) “One Church, One Faith and One Baptism”. The Orthodox Church and her history is described herein, from Pentecost to the present day.

    What is the Orthodox Church? (a short and fun video to tell the story)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmEeiM09IXI&feature=related

    CBS TV -60 Minutes- went to Mount Athos Thessalonica. See what they have discovered
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B1BURFvRFOE&NR=1

    Your friend and servant,
    Constantinos JW 357 Cyprus 99873390 mobile

  • henry December 16, 2013, 4:14 am

    I like this it tells a lot about the bible.For children and adults to understand what happened and when it happened so this was a really good time line….

  • Curt December 27, 2013, 11:13 am

    Faith is the purposeful suspension of critical thinking. Try to step outside of your religious faith and what you believe to be true for just a moment to use logical thought. What you learn might surprise you. If you study human psychology, geology, anthropology, etc. you can come to the very logical conclusion that religion is illogical. If your faith is absolute truth, then you shouldn’t fear thinking differently in the search for absolute truth. I have studied both Christianity and various fields of science extensively in a collegiate setting and have formed my own personal beliefs. All I ask is you open your mind and do the same. Everything has a reason and explanation other than “God can do anything.”

    • Margaret Hunter December 27, 2013, 8:19 pm

      Actually you are incorrect in a number of ways. Faith is the power by which unseen things are brought into reality similar to the process by which a building goes from an idea to an actual building. Faith in God and faith in prayer is the power by which we become more like our father. At my age and with a degree in math, as a person who has done much study and work in the sciences I can affirm that God in reality does exist, using the same methods I use to test science. God invites us to use the method of science to discover him “prove me herewith” (Malachi) or again “If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself (John 7:17) Once a person has done that, he or she no longer is living by faith but by the certainty of God and the power of His word.

    • Albert Benhamou December 29, 2013, 11:36 pm

      To state that “everything has a reason and explanation” is somehow daring. What we have learned for the past 2000 years is that we don’t really know much… For example, we can see there is gravity, and we can measure it, but can’t explain it. We “discovered” everything started from nothing (the big bang) but can’t explain it. The list could be long. But everything we have learned or discovered can actually be found in the Bible (creation from nothing, evolution, mankind above the animal kingdom, etc.). If interested, look at http://www.seder-olam.info/seder-olam-g00-creation.html. But of course, nobody could “prove” the existence of God. It is a matter of Faith. Yet, everything that is around us is could have possibly happened out of “chance” because this would require an infinite succession of improbable events. Chance on one impossible event may indeed happen, but chance on so many impossible events is really… (mathematically) impossible.

  • Jacob December 31, 2013, 2:22 pm

    why should it matter of time, the beging of gensis alone states god created the heavens and the earth +the stars and everything you see on a daily aspect without a god and teaching of living a better life there would be no purpose of life(this is where faith comes in). i agree it should be dated…(and is being proved more and more) but time in meaning- Time is a dimension in which events can be ordered from the past through the present into future. It is proven in our day in time history has lied to us through the books that are studied by our kids .The bible argues the point that their is a force of good vs evil(fact their is) for ex. god speaks his son coming to earth to, for what a crucifiction? not only this was he sent to earth to be crucifide but he was sent by himself to prove to man he does exsist? how can u believe in something you cant see? easy faith. god said if we had faith the size of a mustard seed we could move moutains only through him that is. if u cant believe in teachings of good then youll be easily fooled by evil the world is hypnotized by evil forces to distract us from the truth! He is the only truth in out history! Take a look around you, what has god gave man? the knowledge that surrounds u in every aspect! nothing would be possible if not for god! things can be broken down in ur daily entertainment of television, fact there is a non believing society in america known as illumant(free mason) their beliefs are for a one world government! meaning they stand for1 religion(their own worshiping D(evil) 1 nation(embacy already there) 1 currency(a computerchip or beast) this country was founded on that. Why does the preident have a little black book of secrets that has been passed down in most of the generations living today. wasnt this country founded on free belief? everyones freedoms are slowly being stripped awaythe only way to stop this evil is through gods love! for he loved you so much he gave his only son to die for u and i, and majority people deny him or question him like he is some kind of president! no hes the creator of all for he should be worshiped like he is the a mazing god he is. Society is doomed unless god decideth to put a leader for him, but godhas promised us eternal life only through true salvation by him no man can giveth salvation, but only man point in direction of salvation. Fellow christians our time is near the D(evil) is living today who it is shouldnt matter what matter is that gods love be spread to stop the power of evil. Man cometh short of the glory but many does the glory live in! i hope fear doesnt scare you for god is the rightousness that remove thy fears! fear not but live in gods namee for he is the one with knowledge of all things! heaven vs hell(go)od vs D(evil) notice u cant spell good without god n evil is within the devil.

  • ken January 5, 2014, 4:17 am

    Faith is true to its believers. No faith is the the correct/right faith. Atheist, Budhist, Hinduist, Judaist (?), Christians, Muslims and all other religions/ beliefs are true to their believers. Our brains / thinkings behaves in a strange way. If we strongly believe on something, it will and can affect us. Placebos are a good example. I was told it is part of our builtin instincts…..

  • Patty January 11, 2014, 10:04 am

    We can talk all day giving different ideas. We can think about when the Bible was written. We can talk about any part of religion you want, but in the end, it won’t be books or scholars or scientists who think they have found ways to explain everything without reference to God; it will be the faith that lives in your heart alone. We need to follow God and Jesus with blind faith! You either believe and trust the Lord and go to heaven and live for eternity in that beautiful place and actually live with our Lord. Or, you can not believe. You can decide that everything happens has a logical reason and when you die, you can spend eternity in a hellish existence in Hell, tortured for eternity. Eternity is a very very long time!!! No ending ever. If we are going to decide which way we are going to go, I think I’ll take the high road! There are too many instances in the world that really can’t be explained. Miracles do happen. Stop and take a look at your life. Has there ever been something so wonderful happen to you that you can’t believe it is real. It’s not a coincidence. There are no coincidences. The Lord likes doing nice things for us. There have been too many of my needs met when I knew no way to meet them. There have been too many wonderful happy things happen in my life that have no reason they should have happened. I know who did these things for me. I trusted in God, and he hasn’t let me down yet. Anyway, if we are going to pick, Heaven or Hell without any basis on faith, I’ll take Heaven and God. It will be the safest way to go. And it certainly can’t hurt!

  • Wendy Huggins April 23, 2014, 3:59 pm

    Why does comforts of money and greed are the things people see? It’s baffling why can’t they look for the meaning of life and see the SHOCKING sense of how we can be so LUCKY/BLESSED to be here? How being alive on this one planet that sustains life among so many non life supporting objects in the Universe? How many jigsaw puzzle pieces that had to come together so perfectly just for us to take a breath? Do you know how many sperm there are? So that one could win the race to life? Do you recognize the perfect curves and functions of the body to allow us to live WITHOUT ONE question of ONE body part that makes no sense? How can you live in your skin with ignoring the almighty question of – HOW DID THIS HAPPEN? Life is SO precious, right down to the ant! Why waste it away looking at what’s cool, what’s in fashion, what jewelry you wear? Those things are the dead things that tie you down to ignorance. Seeking wisdom is what finds you, with God that comes into the picture. Your questions are the ONLY things you ultimately have……your questions can make ALL the difference!!! And your soul is what you find in the end. Your soul is greater than any money or gold. As life is but a test, to see if you really know what to do with your eyes!!!

  • Haleem george May 21, 2014, 7:12 pm

    Yahweh bless this is very help full me

  • Andama Godfrey August 27, 2014, 6:42 pm

    wow! i love your answers,i was asked many questions on the radio, now i can tackle them! God bless this ministry.

  • John November 20, 2013, 10:30 pm

    Scholars must agree with or refute the “gold standard”? That’s not how academia works. The majority of biblical academics disagree with most of these dates. The only gold standard in academia is the majority opinion. One can have any opinion, even a minority opinion. That doesn’t make it an accepted academic opinion. There is a scholar who thinks that Christianity was made up by the Romans to pacify Jews. I guarantee that his opinion will be in the minority. BTW, Conrad is correct on the dates. Mark was likely written before Matthew, and Paul’s writings were circulating before any of the gospels were written down.

  • Katawa Msowoya August 4, 2014, 9:57 pm

    Two typing errors corrected. Replace the first copy with this one.
    I have many times heard and learned statements that atheists do not
    believe in God. This idea of not believing in God may imply that
    atheists know that there is God but they do not believe in Him. What may
    be true with atheists is that they do not believe that there is God. I
    strongly believe that atheists have reasons for their stand. I respect
    them. I think they do not read the Bible with passive mind. They apply
    critical thinking to find the truth about the Bible (roots and
    authenticity of the Bible) and the truth from Bible (truth reference
    book ). I am not an atheist, but I understand their inquisitiveness for
    the truth.

    The Bible is a collection of stories’ books that were authored by about
    40 people or more over a period of time. I believe it is likely that
    most of them are myths. Reading religion and history of other nations
    e.g. Egypt, Southern Iraq, Sumerian and Persia I find similar stories
    that appeared much earlier than they did in Hebrew nation. Reading about
    creation story in Sumerian, Babylon and Egypt, one sees similarities;
    this creation story is much order in these countries than in Hebrews
    country.
    How possible, in Hebrew creation story, that there could be day 1 and
    day 2 before the creation of the sun? Time measurement on our planet is
    based on the revolving of earth on its axis in relation to the sun as
    well as revolving around the sun. There could be no time without space
    and matter. Genesis starts with “In the beginning….”. In the
    beginning implies time, but there was no time before space and matter
    were created.
    There are two different stories (with contradiction) of creation
    appearing in Genesis cap 1 and cap 2. In Genesis 1. the creation lasts 6
    days and animals are created before creation of man. Man and woman were created on the same day. In Genesis 2 man is created before animals as part of the process to creating a suitable companion of man. Animals were brought to Adam for naming. A woman was created separately out of Adam’s rib. How come could God have an after-thought to create a woman when he realized that it was not good for Adam to be alone? Is God forgetful? According to scripture, He is all knowing, all powerful, everywhere, all loving and eternal! He could have included creation of a woman in the creation plan and not through trial and error. In fact there is no need for creation plan because he is all knowing. Secondly,
    why did He create a woman as a helper and in what sense? This may be a
    source of gender issues that we experience at present. We live in the
    world of opposites governed by natural law of polarity. In living things
    there are male and female principles which are equally important. There
    is no way that one principle can be a helper of the other.

    He regretted, in Genesis cap: 6, to have created Man and destroyed the
    first population; and not only people but every living species, except
    selected few. What was wrong with other living species? Is this
    historical? The Bible says that all living species including the soil
    were cursed because of the sin of man. Really? There is this debate
    about anthropic principle, which means that the universe was fine-tuned
    to support the life of human being. How sure are we that a human being
    is more important than any other creature in the universe and that the
    universe was intelligently designed to support his life? According to
    geological and archaeological data, there is evidence of death of
    animals million of years before man appeared on this planet earth.
    Therefore animals or any other living species do not die because of the
    sin of man.
    Tower of Babel story is similar to legends in Chaldean, India, Mexico
    and Greece (Plato). Nowa flood story appears in several countries. The
    Hebrews were at times ruled by some of these nations. From which
    countries then were the inspired people who authored divine stories in
    the first place? Were both groups of people who wrote the Bible books
    (OT and NT) and those that canonized (selecting and approving books)
    them inspired? The issue of virgin births was common in other countries
    in near east and in Egypt and Greece. It is believed that the concepts
    of angels, devil and resurrection originated from Persia-
    Zoroastrianism.

    It is advisable to read the Bible with evaluative thinking using our
    brains supported by observation, experience and testing. Belief/faith
    alone is not enough. Examine all the so called fulfilled prophecies
    using various sources, both inside and outside the Bible. Examine
    similarities and contradictions between OT and NT, between writers of
    books on similar topics/stories and between various religions and
    cultures of nations especially in ancient world. Examine all divine
    miracles and wars. This is important for us as followers of any religion
    so that we stop changing religions thereby arresting a situation of
    competition among religions that can cause wars. We now notice
    mushrooming of religions (including prophets) based on the same Bible
    but with slightly different beliefs- mind you not difference in
    knowledge, but in beliefs We use belief in the absence of knowledge. I
    believe that when people have knowledge of something then belief in
    that something ceases to exist.
    Atheists do not believe that there is God because, as of now, there is
    not enough evidence that He exists. Possibly they will believe when
    there will be enough evidence or working hypothesis. Atheists’ views are
    based on natural Universe. Currently there is no concrete evidence that
    there is supernaturalism. We, people, are natural beings. We have
    natural intelligence that we use wisely to understand and experience
    things in the natural world. I believe the use of supernatural power in
    the natural world is intrusion and against self-evident and unchangeable
    natural laws that govern the universe to sustain it in balance. It
    (supernatural power) creates a false feeling of gaps or deficiency in
    human capacities by design. The mere fact that, currently, we do not
    know the source of natural laws should not give us authority to conclude
    that the source is God. We should keep on investigating using our
    intelligence equipped with five natural sensual organs and aided by
    scientific tools and method. All that we have now to improve living
    standards of human beings is the result of wise application of knowledge
    that is acquired through scientific method. A closed system like
    religion does not support learning and growth; this is because holy
    books are believed to contain absolute truth.
    Man has moved through three ages of civilization out of five (hunter and
    gather age, farmer age, industrial age, knowledge and information
    technology age and wisdom age). We are now in the age of knowledge and information technology ready to move on into the age of wisdom. Peter Drucker, one of the greatest management thinkers said that in the next few hundred years historians who will write history of our time from a
    long perspectives, the most important event that they will notice is not
    technology, internet, nor e commerce ; but likely it will be
    unprecedented change in human condition . I am sure this will be a
    result of change in world view (paradigm shift), new ways thinking.
    People will have developed capacities to self-manage their lives; they
    will not need shepherds; they will have complete control of their lives
    free from interference and bondage of ignorance. Why then is it said
    that we should not add or subtract anything from the canonized Bible?
    Was God’s plan to inspire specific people at specific time and stopped?
    Is it not a continuous process of inspiration based on contexts? The
    universe is dynamic.
    I have observed that the evidence for existence of God is mostly from
    the Bible, but there is no concrete evidence that the Bible was written
    by inspired people. Who was around when God revealed his word to Moses? How do we know that they were actually inspired by God? On what basis did God select a few people to understand supernaturalism and understand his nature including how to worship him . Has he got a need that can be satisfied by human beings through serving him? I think there is exaggeration in the Bible (how he is portrayed)- of course if there is
    God.
    Paul says in Romans 3:23 that all people have fallen short of the glory
    of God. What were the criteria then that he used to select a few among
    all sinners? Does God, who is all knowing, all powerful, everywhere, all
    loving and eternal need support from a few sinners to communicate/
    reveal his word to save people? If the Bible is the revealed God’s word,
    why is it difficult to understand (full of parables and each religion
    making commentaries)? Are the people making commentaries also inspired?
    Man is not honest enough with himself by failing to control and
    discipline his mental habits and desires; how then can he honestly and
    effectively lead, rule and govern others. Our relationship is, very
    often, that of WIN-LOOSE and not WIN-WIN situation. Check this in
    organizational institutions of all nature!
    Future life based on religion creates anxiety, fear, guilt, false hope,
    and uncertainty. This robes the pleasure and joy of living in the
    present moment, the only time that we have to experience life. Jesus
    said do not worry of morrows; why then should we be worried of life
    after death, when we are not sure that it exists. Man made time gives us
    sadness. If we think deeply, time does not exist. We are chained to
    past and future events that do not exist in the present moment. Moreover
    we experience both past and anticipated future events in the present
    moment. This present moment is much less than a second.

    I am convinced that if we develop the capacities of our intelligence
    (Mental intelligence, Physical intelligence, Emotional intelligence and
    Spiritual intelligence) each one of us will be freed from controlled
    paradigm systems on this planet Earth. We can do that through natural
    processes because we are natural Beings. Each one of us has power to do it.
    The truth is what we experience in our lives and it is life itself.
    Anything outside your life is just a belief; it is not yet the truth in
    your life. When you read something from any book or you hear something
    from anybody in the universe, it is heresy or belief until you
    experience it yourself when it become the truth to you; it is then part
    of you. Managing life through beliefs is dangerous. Skepticism and
    inquisitiveness are important tools in the investigative processes of
    life. Salvation is inside us because basically we are energy. We are not
    outside or inside universe. Each one of us and any point in the
    universe is at the center of the universe. This is the current working
    hypothesis! We are our own worst enemies and not outside forces or any
    factors, although they pause as challenges. Each person should take
    100% responsibility of his or her life. Do not allow anybody to live
    your life on your behalf. Nobody should tell you how to live or define
    your life. Each one of us is specifically unique. Each one of us won
    the game of life by being born. The overall goal is to continue living as individuals and supporting the lives of extended families/living species (including the environment) through wise use of acquired knowledge.
    Bye for now.
    Katawa

  • Parker August 8, 2014, 3:51 am

    Wow!!!! Thank you for submitting this well-articulated post. I think you may have changed my life forever. I have always felt guilty for feeling the way I do about religion because I was brought up in a very strict religious home where you wouldn’t dare question any part of Christianity. I have felt pretty alienated over the last couple of years by my surroundings because I am from the South where there are very few openly Atheist people or people who are struggling to continue to be Christian. I am no longer Christian, and it has been a struggle for me because of the stigma that comes with it in Texas. I still feel like I don’t have all of the answers, or even a lot of the answers, but I came to the conclusion that I am going to live my life to the fullest and just try to be a kind human being instead of living in constant fear of damnation and judgment. I feel like if I live a life I can be proud of then I will have lived a full life, and if there is an afterlife, I will cross that bridge when it is time. Your post has helped me immensely. Thank you so much!!

  • Janis August 19, 2014, 11:59 pm

    Thank you. After reading all of the other posts, yours makes the most sense, and puts into words what I have always believed.

  • Katawa Msowoya August 31, 2014, 9:21 pm

    Further editions, for clarity & punctuation, made. Replace the above with this one
    I have many times heard and learned statements that atheists do not
    believe in God. This idea of not believing in God may imply that
    atheists know that there is God but they do not believe in Him. What may
    be true with atheists is that they do not believe that there is God. I
    strongly believe that atheists have reasons for their stand. I respect
    them. I think they do not read the Bible with passive mind. They apply
    critical thinking to find the truth about the Bible (roots and
    authenticity of the Bible) and the truth from Bible (truth reference
    book ). I am not an atheist, but I understand their inquisitiveness for
    the truth.
    The Bible is a collection of stories’ books that were authored by about
    40 people or more over a period of time. I believe it is likely that
    most of them are myths. Reading religions and history of other nations
    e.g. Egypt, Southern Iraq, Sumer and Persia I find similar stories
    that appeared much earlier than they did in Hebrew nation. Reading about
    creation story in Sumer, Babylon and Egypt, one sees similarities;
    this creation story is much order in these countries than in Hebrews
    country.
    How possible, in Hebrew creation story, that there could be day 1, day 2 and day 3 before the creation of the sun? Time measurement on our planet is based on the rotation of earth on its axis in relation to the sun as well as revolving around the sun. There could be no time without space and matter. Genesis starts with “In the beginning….”. In the beginning implies time, but there was no time before space and matter were created.

    There are two different stories (with contradiction) of creation appearing in Genesis cap 1 and cap 2. In Genesis1 the creation lasts 6 days and animals are created before creation of man. Man and woman were created on the same day. In Genesis 2 man is created before animals that were created with a view that Adam would find a suitable companion among them (Animals). Animals were brought to Adam for naming: no suitable helper was found. Then a woman was created separately out of Adam’s rib and brought to Adam. How come could God have an after-thought to create a woman when he realized that it was not good for Adam to be alone? Is God forgetful? According to scripture, He is all knowing, all powerful, everywhere, all loving and eternal. He could have included creation of a woman in the creation plan and not through trial and error. In fact there is no need for creation plan because he is all knowing. Secondly, why did He create a woman as a helper and in what sense? This may be a source of gender issues that we experience at present. We live in the
    world of opposites governed by natural law of polarity. In living things there are male and female principles which are equally important. There is no way that one principle can be a helper of the other.
    He regretted, in Genesis cap: 6, to have created Man and He destroyed the first population; and not only people but every living species, except selected few. What was wrong with other living species? Is this historical? The Bible says that all living species including the soil were cursed because of the sin of man. Really? There is this debate about anthropic principle, which means that the universe was fine-tuned to support the life of human being. How sure are we that a human being is more important than any other creature in the universe and that the universe was intelligently designed to support his life? According to geological and archaeological data, there is evidence of death of animals million of years before man appeared on this planet earth. Therefore animals or any other living species do not die because of the sin of man.

    Tower of Babel story is similar to legends in Chaldea, India, Mexico and Greece (Plato). Nowa flood story appears in several countries. The Hebrews were at times ruled by some of these nations. From which countries then were the inspired people who authored divine stories in
    the first place? Were both groups of people who wrote the Bible books (OT and NT) and those that canonized (selecting and approving books) them inspired? The issue of virgin births was common in other countries in near east and in Egypt and Greece. It is believed that the concepts
    of angels, devil and resurrection originated from Persia-Zoroastrianism.
    It is advisable to read the Bible with evaluative thinking using our brains supported by observation, experience and testing. Belief/faith alone is not enough. Examine all the so called fulfilled prophecies using various sources, both inside and outside the Bible. Examine similarities and contradictions between OT and NT, between writers of books on similar topics/stories and between various religions and cultures of nations especially in ancient world. Examine all divine miracles and wars. This is important for us as followers of any religion so that we stop changing religions thereby arresting a situation of competition among religions that can cause wars. We now notice mushrooming of religions (including prophets) based on the same Bible but with slightly different beliefs- mind you not difference in knowledge, but in beliefs We use belief in the absence of knowledge. I believe that when people have knowledge of something then belief in that something ceases to exist.

    Atheists do not believe that there is God because, as of now, there is not enough evidence that He exists. Possibly they will believe when there will be enough evidence or working hypothesis. Atheists’ views are based on natural Universe. Currently there is no concrete evidence that
    there is supernaturalism. We, people, are natural beings. We have
    natural intelligence that we use wisely to understand and experience
    things in the natural world. I believe the use of supernatural power in
    the natural world is intrusion and against self-evident and unchangeable
    natural laws that govern the universe to sustain it in balance. It
    (supernatural power) creates a false feeling of gaps or deficiency in
    human capacities by design. The mere fact that, currently, we do not
    know the source of natural laws should not give us authority to conclude
    that the source is God. We should keep on investigating using our
    intelligence equipped with five natural sensual organs and aided by
    scientific tools and method. All that we have now to improve living
    standards of human beings is the result of wise application of knowledge
    that is acquired through scientific method. A closed system like
    religion does not support learning and growth; this is because holy
    books are believed to contain absolute truth.
    Man has moved through three ages of civilization out of five (hunter and
    gather age, farmer age, industrial age, knowledge and information
    technology age and wisdom age). We are now in the age of knowledge and information technology ready to move on into the age of wisdom. Peter Drucker, one of the greatest management thinkers said that in the next few hundred years historians who will write history of our time from a
    long perspectives, the most important event that they will notice is not
    technology, internet, nor e commerce ; but likely it will be
    unprecedented change in human condition . I am sure this will be a
    result of change in world view (paradigm shift), new ways of thinking.
    People will have developed capacities to self-manage their lives; they
    will not need shepherds; they will have complete control of their lives
    free from interference and bondage of ignorance. Why then is it said
    that we should not add or subtract anything from the canonized Bible?
    Was God’s plan to inspire specific people at specific time and stopped?
    Is it not a continuous process of inspiration based on contexts? The
    universe is dynamic.
    I have observed that the evidence for existence of God is mostly from
    the Bible, but there is no concrete evidence that the Bible was written
    by inspired people. Who was around when God revealed his word to Moses? How do we know that they were actually inspired by God? On what basis did God select a few people to understand supernaturalism and understand his nature including how to worship him? Has he got a need that can be satisfied by human beings through serving him? I think there is exaggeration in the Bible (how he is portrayed)- of course if there is
    God.
    Paul says in Romans 3:23 that all people have fallen short of the glory
    of God. What was the criterion then that he used to select a few among
    all sinners? Does God, who is all knowing, all powerful, everywhere, all
    loving and eternal need support from a few sinners to communicate/
    reveal his word to save people? If the Bible is the revealed God’s word,
    why is it difficult to understand (full of parables and each religion
    making commentaries)? Are the people making commentaries also inspired?
    Man is not honest enough with himself by failing to control and
    discipline his mental habits and desires; how then can he honestly and
    effectively lead, rule and govern others? Our relationship is, very
    often, that of WIN-LOOSE and not WIN-WIN situation. Check this in
    organized institutions of all nature!
    Future life based on religion creates anxiety, fear, guilt, false hope,
    and uncertainty. This robes the pleasure and joy of living in the
    present moment, the only time that we have to experience life. Jesus
    said do not worry of morrows; why then should we be worried of life
    after death, when we are not sure that it exists? Man made time gives us
    sadness. If we think deeply, time does not exist. We are chained to
    past and future events that do not exist in the present moment. Moreover
    we experience both past and anticipated future events in the present
    moment. This present moment is much less than a second.
    I am convinced that if we develop the capacities of our intelligence
    (Mental intelligence, Physical intelligence, Emotional intelligence and
    Spiritual intelligence) each and everyone of us will be freed from controlled
    paradigm systems on this planet Earth. We can do that through natural
    processes because we are natural Beings. Each one of us has power to do it.
    The truth is what we experience in our lives and it is life itself.
    Anything outside your life is just a belief; it is not yet the truth in
    your life. When you read something from any book or you hear something
    from anybody in the universe, it is heresy or belief until you
    experience it yourself when it becomes the truth to you; it is then part
    of you. Managing life through beliefs is dangerous. Skepticism and
    inquisitiveness are important tools in the investigative processes of
    life. Salvation is inside us because basically we are energy. We are not
    outside or inside universe. Each one of us and any point in the
    universe is at the center of the universe. This is the current working
    hypothesis! We are our own worst enemies and not outside forces or any
    factors, although they pause as challenges. Each person should take
    100% responsibility of his or her life. Do not allow anybody to live
    your life on your behalf. Nobody should tell you how to live, what to think or define your life. Each one of us is specifically unique. Each one of us won
    the game of life by being born. The overall goal is to continue living as individuals and supporting the lives of extended families/living species (including the environment) through wise use of acquired knowledge.
    Bye for now.
    Katawa