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When Is Job On The Bible Timeline?

Job is not on the Amazing Bible Timeline with World History. Why not?

Job is not on the timeline because biblical scholars cannot agree on when he might have lived and the Bible does not give enough direct clues to place him accurately.

Here are three suggested times Job might have lived by the reasoning of Biblical scholars:

1. After the flood and long before Moses (after 2350 BC and before 1750 BC)

a. Eliphaz refers to the flood as being in the past in Job 22:16
b. Job sacrifices to God as head of his family (a practice of patriarchal times that stopped with Moses) Job 1:5
c. Job’s daughters received an inheritance along with his sons Job 42:15 a patriarchal practice that also stopped with Moses
d. Job’s wealth is determined by flocks rather than money which is also consistent with patriarchal times Job 1:3, 42:12
e. The kesitah or piece of money mentioned belongs to patriarchal times
f. The musical instruments (organ, harp, and timbrel) are the instruments of early Genesis
g. Job lived long enough to birth two families of ten children and raise them to adulthood then lived another 140 years. He lived at least 200 years and possibly longer. This is consistent with the ages of patriarchs prior to Abraham.
(Read more on this at apologetics press)

2. Job lived after Joseph but before Moses (after 1650 BC and before 1500 BC)

The reasoning for this time placement is that he must have lived between truly righteous men but not when other righteous patriarchs were alive. Therefore he is placed between Joseph and Moses. Job 1:8 ( Read more at wiki answers )

3. Job lived during Moses’ lifetime.

Job is an associate of Moses’ father-in-law. According to this opinion Moses authored the Book of Job. Some say he was one of Pharaoh’s advisors, together with Jethro and Balaam. (More on this from Rabbi Buchwald )

There’s our problem. Since better Biblical scholars than we are cannot agree we did not put Job on the timeline. (But you could pen him in on your copy!)


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3 comments… add one

  • Agyapong Francis October 25, 2013, 7:23 pm

    I believe Job live after the flood and before Abraham was called.2200-1700BC. He was the only descendant of Ham who do good. Because Job was from Uz in Arab and the descendants of Ham built more of Arabian countries even Egypt,Hawila etc(Genesis 10:8-12)

  • José A. November 28, 2013, 12:15 am

    Maybe the reference to the land of Uz and Eliphaz the Temanite can give some hint, at least about where Job lived.

    Job 1:1
    There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.
    Job 2:11
    Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

    Uz: son of Aram, son of Shem ?
    And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. (Genesis 10, 23)
    Tema: son of Dishan, son of Seir (son of Esau) ?
    Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: (Genesis 25, 15)
    Tema, son of Ishmael, son of Abraham ?
    Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema, (1 Chronicles 1, 30)

  • TK December 9, 2013, 9:47 pm

    Uz may refer to the guy in Genesis, which would place it in northern Canaan. However, Uz is also used in Jeremiah to refer to the regions near Edom (which Esau founded) to the southeast. Job is referred to as “the greatest of the men of the east” or some such thing. As the language in Job is closer to that written toward the Babylonian period, I tend to think the Uz is the one in Jeremiah, and not the one in Genesis.